5. How can they obtain the information they need without manipulating the child's memory, even if inadvertently? “Measures can be taken to lessen the risk of suggestibility effects. To date, the factors that we know most about concern the nature of the interview itself--its frequency, degree of suggestiveness, and demand characteristics” (Johnson, B. C. et al., n.d.). There are several safe guards that can be employed to in order to obtain the most accurate results possible for this type of interview. First, interviews need to be kept at a bare minimum since it has been found that a child’s recollection of an event is more accurate after one interview rather than multiple interviews. Interviewers should be trained in optimal interview techniques including asking non leading questions, being open to multiple outcomes in the case, not repeating closed ended questions, and attempting not to create demand characteristics by providing subtle rewards for particular responses. Interviewers need to be patient and nonjudgmental. It is only when these suggestions are followed can we expect to get accurate accounts from the child in question (Johnson, B. C. et al., n.d.). References Johnson, B. C. et al. (n.d.) The Suggestibility of Children: Evaluation by Social Scientists. Retrieved from Parke, R. D. & Gauvain, M. (2009). Child psychology: A contemporary viewpoint (7th ed.). Boston: McGraw-Hill. ISBN: 978-0-07-338268-5.
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