allergic etiology rather than a direct result of an infectious process (2016, para. 11). This information correlates with the infant’s recent allergic reaction to amoxicillin around the same time frame when symptoms started. The infant’s cough also tends to occur at night per the parents, this symptom is suggestive of spasmodic croup. Pathophysiology Huether and McCance state, “the pathophysiology of viral croup is caused primarily subglottic inflammation and edema from the infection” (2017, pg. 715).
Spasmodic croup causes inflammation and mucous production but tends to be less than the viral form (Huether & McCance, 2017). Spasmodic croup has a barking cough, hoarsness and stridor (Huether & McCance, 2017). Age & Gender Per Defendi, “the male-to-female ratio for croup is approximately 1.4:1” (2016, para.7). The peak incidences of croup are those from ages 6 months to 3 years of age (Defendi, 2016). Children have a less mature immune system than adults, which promotes the infant and younger child to be more at risk to developing croup. Complications can also occur if the infant or child cannot cough up secretions or maintain their airway. References Defendi , G. L. (2016, September 27). Croup. Retrieved October 04, 2017, from Huether, S. E., & McCance, K. L. (2017). Understanding pathophysiology (6th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.
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