Sole proliferation view that removes biology

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Sole proliferation view that removes biology completely from the explanation - Reasons for continued gender inequality - Discrimination - patriarchal values - Sadler and Sadler - find overt and hidden discrimination against girls in schools; history classes ignore female figures, teachers call more on boys, some teachers preach patriarchy, etc. - Old Boys Networks - hidden societies, all male country clubs, golf clubs, old school fraternities, etc. - Women do more domestic work - sociologists find that women keep doing housework even when working full time - Motherhood - women are the primary care givers.. many in Canada hold these values. More likely to stay home to raise kids or take care of elderly - Gatekeeping : Lingering patriarchy can cause women to protect duties even when men are willing to help - Dorothy E Smith - Developed - Standpoint Theory to analyze male dominance - The symbols, vocab, and codes of our culture reflect the standpoint of the male (everything is told from perspective of a male) - As a result, dominant discourses and institutions promote male position and thereby patriarchy - Agriculture and the family - Last lecture: ended by discussing how major economic transformations change family structure - Hunter foragers: more communal family - Settled agriculture: Diminishes communal aspect of family - Industrialization and the family: - Different: Separates family from economic production - Previously, family was a production unit (with industrialization).. Now almost completely a consumption unit - First phase: men leave to work, gender roles strengthen, spousal interdependence increases - Phase of the patriarchal family - Fewer children - Second phase: men and women work outside house, weaker gender roles, divorce increases, even fewer children - With these changes, patriarchy begins to weaken, and the roles of family members change - Greater family diversity - Marxist : economy dictates family roles + strength of patriarchy
- Familial Roles and Statuses - Biology : shapes the form of contemporary families - Commonly consists of couples with biological offspring - Motherhood, fatherhood, childhood: despite biological basis, greater variation in familial roles over time - Social Construction - Many downplay the role of biology and say that fatherhood/motherhood are almost entirely socially constructed - Maxine Margolis - Putting Mothers on the Pedestal - Motherhood, or the idea of a nurturing mother, leads to the common assumption that genes cause motherhood - Disagrees with assumption of genes; describes how the contemporary idea of motherhood emerged in North America during 1800s - Before this, motherhood wasnt viewed as the primary duty of women.. Both men and women took care of kids - Something happened that changed the family and causing motherhood to become a dominant ideology - Economy and Motherhood - Margolis argues that motherhood was caused by industrial society - Women worked at home, played active role in childcare.. Main jobs were farming supervising and educating kids - Women had many duties to perform: kept house, tended gardens, raised

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