Penn himself spent only about four years in

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Chapter 3 / Exercise 53
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Penn himself spent only about four years in Pennsylvania. And, despite the colony’s success, he never profited financially as proprietor and died in pover- ty in 1718. Meanwhile, his idealistic vision had faded but not failed. His own Quakers were a minority in a colony thickly populated by people from all over western Europe. Slavery was introduced and, despite Penn’s principles, many prominent Quakers in Pennsylvania owned slaves. However, the principles of equality, cooperation, and religious tolerance on which he founded his vision would eventually become fundamental values of the new American nation. THIRTEEN COLONIES Throughout the 1600s and 1700s, other British colonies in North America were founded as well, each for very different reasons. In 1632, King Charles I granted a charter for land north of Chesapeake Bay to George Calvert, the first Lord Baltimore. Calvert’s son Cecil, the second Lord Baltimore, named the colony Maryland, after Queen Henrietta Maria, Charles’s queen. Lord Baltimore, who was a Roman Catholic, obtained a religious toleration law from Maryland’s colonial assembly, and the colony became famous for its religious freedom. In 1663, King Charles II awarded a group of key supporters the land between Virginia and Spanish Florida, a territory that soon became North and South Carolina. In 1732, an English philanthropist named James Ogelthorpe, and several associates received a charter for a colony they hoped could be a haven for those imprisoned for debt. Ogelthorpe named the colony Georgia, after King George II. Few debtors actually came to Georgia, and Ogelthorpe’s policies, which prohibit- ed both slavery and the drinking of rum, were reversed when the British crown assumed direct control of the colony in 1752. By that time, there were thirteen British colonies in North America, but a growing desire for independence would soon put a strain on their relationship with England. William Penn New Netherland proprietor Quakers 1. TERMS & NAMES For each term or name, write a sentence explaining its significance. MAIN IDEA 2. TAKING NOTES Compare the colonies of New Netherland and Pennsylvania, using a Venn diagram such as the one below. Write a paragraph comparing and contrasting the two colonies. CRITICAL THINKING 3. ANALYZING CAUSES Why was Ogelthorpe’s prohibition of slavery reversed? 4. EVALUATING DECISIONS Both New Netherland and Pennsylvania encouraged settlers to come from all over western Europe. Do you think this was a good decision for these colonies? Why or why not? 5. DRAWING CONCLUSIONS How did William Penn succeed in achieving his goals for Pennsylvania, and how did he fail? Explain. Think About: Penn’s actions toward Native Americans Penn’s plans for representative government and freedom of religion Quakers who owned slaves Courtesy of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania Collection, Atwater Kent Museum of Philadelphia The American Colonies Emerge 59
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Finite Mathematics and Applied Calculus
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Chapter 3 / Exercise 53
Finite Mathematics and Applied Calculus
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35 ° N 40 ° N 30 ° N 75 ° W 80 ° W ATLANTIC OCEAN NEW ENGLAND MIDDLE COLONIES SOUTHERN COLONIES N S E W G E O G R A P H Y S P O T L I G H T The Southern Colonies Jamestown colonists had counted on bartering for food with Native Americans in order to survive, but

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