PH100 Lecture Notes

Frankfurt yes two questions 1 was jones3 coerced by

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Frankfurt: yes. Two questions: 1. Was Jones3 coerced by the threat to perform the act? If so, then being coerced does not exclude moral responsibility. 2. Could Jones3 have acted otherwise? If not, then PAP is false. p. 834 Jones3 doesn't suffice. Jones4: Black wants Jones4 to do something (e.g., rob a bank). Black implants a device in Jones4's brain that will be activated only if Jones4 shows signs of a decision not to rob the bank. If the device is activated, then Jones4 will decide to do (and in fact, do) what Black wants him to do. Suppose that Black is closely watching Jones4 but he never triggers the device. Jones4 decides to rob the bank on his own reasons. Questions: Is Jones4 morally responsible for robbing the bank? Could Jones4 have acted otherwise? Frankfurt: the case of Jones4 shows that PAP is false. Jones4 is morally responsible for doing something even though he could not have acted otherwise. p. 836 - “ .... But there may be circumstances that make it impossible for a person to avoid performing some action without those circumstances in any way bringing it about that he performs that action. “ PAP is false because there is a counterexample to PAP
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(1) there are circumstances that make it impossible for a person to avoid performing some action (2) those circumstances do not causally necessitate the performance of that action. If the circumstances that make it impossible for a person to avoid doing X are the same as those that cause him to do X, then that person does not seem to be morally responsible for doing X. Example: hypnotic suggestion. November 1, 2012: The Illusion of Conscious Will Conscious will – understood as the revelation of a causal sequence (the mind causing the body) – is an illusion. The experience of conscious will isn't causally potent. It is instead an indication that we think that we have caused an action. Conscious will is ambiguous “something that is experienced when we perform an action” (649) – experience of conscious will a “force” of the mind: a causal link between minds and actions – causation of an action Wegner: We confuse the experience of conscious will with the causation of an action. We do not cause our actions. It simply appears to us that we do. Every experience of conscious will is illusory. The experience of conscious will In this sense, conscious will is a feeling It is “not some cause or force or motor in person” (650) You need to experience the will in order to say that you would consciously willed something. Does not always accompany actions that seem to be willed Alien hand syndrome alien hand moves autonomously patients do not experience willing their hand to move → no experience of conscious will (i.e., no feeling of doing) but yet there is a doing Hypnotic suggestion Your arm is falling “My arm will fall” (expectation) vs. “I will lower my arm” (intention) Wegner: Conscious will is lacking even though the person knows that the arm will fall Table-turning The table turns
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