returned to the intriguing project twenty years later on his own accord His

Returned to the intriguing project twenty years later

This preview shows page 115 - 119 out of 280 pages.

returned to the intriguing project twenty years later on his own accord. His proposal, presented to Pope Pius VI in 1794, called for a large barracks complex useful at a city gate.Two Doric colonnades shaped the trapezoidal space, focusing axial movement while 115 the challenge of tradition, 1750–1900
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governing circulation between severe architectural phalanxes.The newly arrived would pass through the Piazza del Popolo at an initial military check point before proceeding across town to the embrace of Saint Peter’s colonnades.The marked shift of attention in the piazza away from its famous church to a military presence may have been triggered by an anxiety in Rome against the revolutionary forces emanating from French territory. Once the French arrived, Valadier promptly redirected his project to Napoleon’s needs. The insertion of a public promenade on the Pincian Hill would affect the nature of the piazza in ways unprecedented in the history of Roman urbanism.Valadier’s earlier Doric colonnade was replaced in his new project with a garden fence that traced the original trapezoid.Tree-lined avenues radiated from looping paths leading east to the walls and west to the riverbank.A small barracks building stood opposite the Church of Santa Maria at the gateway.The project ignored the realities of the site’s steep slope to the east.The Pincian Hill rises 30 meters from the piazza floor, an impossible incline for the abstract curves.Valadier cunningly drew up a project designed to attract the attention of his Parisian overseers with patently French- style planning.This was a more clever wooing than Antolini attempted for his Foro or Perosini for the imperial palace.Valadier even hedged his proposal with English-style shrubs, pools, and hillocks as at Villa Borghese nearby. His proposal was successfully received.This project dated October 1810 is certainly suggested when Napoleon decreed in 1811 the promenade du côté de la Porte du Peuple , the Jardin du Grand César . Valadier set to work developing the promenade and resolving its altimetric problems. His drawings of a switchback system of ramps up the slope were reviewed by de Tournon.The garden layout began to lose its ideal geometric coherence, so thicker plantings were projected to mask the asymmetries and diagonal ramps.While the gardens began to take shape on Valadier’s drawing board, new ideas for the piazza it bordered were also generated. In all of the evolving project ideas for the gardens and piazza a prominently demarcated east-west cross axis fixed on the obelisk remained constant. By January 1812 the commission had drawings ready to send to Paris for further review.Valadier struggled, however, between the 116 the architecture of modern italy
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the challenge of tradition, 1750–1900 2.15 Piazza del Popolo, Rome. Engraving by Giuseppe Vasi, Vedute di Roma , c. 1747 2.16 Giuseppe Valadier, Piazza del Popolo, proposed project, Rome, 1794. Engraving by Vincenzo Feoli
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the architecture of modern italy 2.17 Giuseppe Valadier, Piazza del Popolo and Jardin du Grand César, proposed project, Rome, 1810.
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  • Spring '17
  • Archt. De Veyra

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