Personality AND Adjustment.pdf

Argued that the foremost human drive is a striving

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argued that the foremost human drive is a striving for superiority. superiority could be a universal drive to adapt, improve oneself & master life’s challenges.
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young children feel weak & helpless in comparison to more competent older children & adults & develop inferiority feelings . these then motivate the individuals to acquire new skills & develop new talents. Everyone has to work to overcome some feelings of inferiority.
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compensation : involves efforts to overcome imagined or real inferiorities by developing one’s abilities. in some people, inferiority feelings may become excessive resulting in an inferiority complex . Some people may engage in overcompensation in order to conceal, even from themselves, their weaknesses or feelings of inferiority, & might result with a superiority complex .
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Either of the two complexes, are not a healthy sign of adjustment to life’s challenges. people may engage in unreasonably ambitious pursuits of success, fame, power etc. engage in active self-deception & may severe connections with reality. Adler also proposed the importance of birth order in governing people’s personality.
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Behavioral Perspectives to Personality
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–John B. Watson ““ Give me a dozen healthy infants, wellformed, and my own special world to bring them up in and I’ll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select - doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant chief, and yes, even beggar-man-thief, regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocations, and race.
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Behaviorist Perspective personality is “ a collection of response tendencies that are tied to various stimulus situations.” a specific situation may be tied to a number of response tendencies that vary in strength, depending upon person’s past experiences. the behaviourist’s have explained about personality development .
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Pavlov’s Classical Conditioning a type of learning when a neutral stimulus acquires the capacity to evoke a response that was originally evoked by another stimulus.
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to Personality… cc contributes to the acquisition of emotional responses, such as anxieties, fears & phobias (Antony & McCabe, 2003).
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a middle aged woman reported being troubled by a bridge phobia so severe that she could not drive on interstate highways because of all the viaducts she would have to cross. back in her childhood, whenever her family used to visit her grandmother, they had to cross a little used, rickety, dilapidated bridge out in the countryside. Her father in misguided attempt at humor used to “elaborate on the dangers of crossing the bridge”.
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a reporter gets reprimanded by his editor frequently in his newsroom. these negative comments from his supervisors function as a UCS eliciting anxiety.
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Christopher Reinemann
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