Hedonistic pleasures are like a hostile army encamped in our body (4:1). etc.3
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3. IllustrationsMost of James' illustrations are taken from the normal experiences of every-day life. He often refers, to illustrate a point, to wind, flowers, sun, vapor, farming. There is more poetic imagery in James' short epistle than in all of Paul's epistles combined. (Maybe he learned it from his mother, cf. Lk.1).4. Rhetorical QuestionsJames often asks questions which answer themselves. Few things are as effective in argument as forcing someone to answer an obvious question. Jamesdoes this repeatedly (e.g., 2:4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 16, 20, 21 etc.)5. Excellent GreekGreek scholars agree that the Greek written in the original of James is the best in the entire NT, except for the book of Hebrews. He seems to have been a well-educated man.6. Plain & DirectThe net effect of all this is that his letter comes across as plainly, vividly, and directly as any possibly could. With his fervency, poetical imagery, illustrations, questions, and superior use of language in general, there is never a reason for misunderstanding him. With James, the issues are never abstract but real and familiar and very personal. (Zaspel:1989).4
1.2.4. The significance of JamesIn the book of James there are different things that contribute to the significanceof the book. According to Wall (2000:n.p.), the special significance of this book is that it“supplies a distinctive and complementary witness to God”.Another is the way inwhich the author uses his scripture to give the audience a clue on how to read hiswritings. Special significances are also the dialogue which is used with theintroduction of a real objector as in 2:18. Yet another, significance is the methodthat the author uses to address, striking similarity with the Jewish homilies. Alsothe variability of the subject matter, the way the epistle deals in a short space withsuch a large number of isolated subjects,Wessel (2002:961).1.3. The Theological Theme of James1.3.1. A response to the statement by (Orr 1915) underlining the backgroundof James’ theology1.3.2. Comparison on teaching of Paul and JamesPaul and James never contradicted each other because of the fact that they haddifferent views, Paul wrote on lost sinners could be sanctified and James wroteon saved people who show that they have real faith. Both writers mentions theword works, James teaches that works are essential, but Paul teachesotherwise. But in this Paul was speaking of good works which unsaved peopledo trying to achieve getting to heaven. Whereas for James he wrote about goodworks performed; by saved people that is fruit of true, living faith.Both Paul andJames agreed with each other. Paul agreed that good works are essential, forthe person justified by faith (Phil. 2:12-13; Titus 3:5-8; Eph. 2:8-10). On the otherhand James agreed that only through faith one can inherit the kingdom (see5
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James 2:5). When we look at The Jerusalem Council of Acts 15, we also seeand understood that James was not against what Peter and Paul said, but that
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