INDIRECT OBJECT: He will give whomever he chooses the extra ticket. OBJECT OF A PREPOSITION: We are proud of what we have accomplished . As these examples show, a noun clause is usually introduced by a word such as that, what, when , where, whether, who, whoever, whom, whomever, whose, or why. Sometimes, however, the word that introduces a noun clause may be omitted. EXAMPLE: She told me you won the election . [The introductory word that is understood. The noun clause is the direct object of the verb told .]
8 EXERCISE 4: Identifying and Classifying Noun Clauses — Underline the noun clause in each of the following sentences. Then, on the line before the sentence, tell how the noun clause is used in the sentence. Write s for subject, pn for predicate nominative , do for direct object , io for indirect object , or op for object of a preposition . EX: __op ___ Wanda has promised a reward to whoever finds her cat . _______ 1. What we need is an after-school recreation program. _______ 2. Dr. Donato said that she could meet with us next Tuesday. _______ 3. That Rita Morena is a talented actress has been proven by her many great performances. _______ 4. Would you please give whoever wants one, a ticket to the game? _______ 5. The art teacher always takes great interest in what we create. _______ 6. The coach will make whoever scores the most points the “Athlete of the Week.” _______ 7. How you can memorize poems so quickly really amazes me. _______ 8. My dentist told me I may need a filling. _______ 9. Will you tell me who sent these roses? ______ 10. Many people in the group believed that we should serve fried plantains at the dinner.
9 Sentence Structure The structure of a sentence is determined by the number and types of clauses it has. 13f. According to their structure, sentences are classified as simple, compound, complex , or compound-complex . 1. A simple sentence has one independent clause and no subordinate clauses. It may have a compound subject, a compound predicate, and any number of phrases. S S V EXAMPLES: Kiki and Toni came to my house for dinner last night. S V V After dinner, the three of us compared our notes and outlined our report. 2. A compound sentence has two or more independent clauses and no subordinate clauses. A compound sentence is actually two or more simple sentences joined by a comma and a coordinating conjunction, by a semicolon, or by a semicolon and a conjunctive adverb such as therefore, however , or consequently. S V S V EXAMPLES: Kiki will write the first draft of the report, and Toni will revise it. S V S S V Kiki had some great ideas; Toni and I listened carefully. S V S V Toni is the best artist in the group; therefore, she will illustrate the report. 3. A complex sentence has one independent clause and at least one subordinate clause. S V S V EXAMPLE: After we discussed our plans, I felt eager to begin writing. [The first clause is subordinate, and the second clause is independent.
10 4. A compound-complex sentence has two or more independent clauses and at least one subordinate clause.
- Winter '15
- English, Dependent clause, clause