League of women voters bi7c national council of

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League of Women Votersb.i.7.c.National Council of Churchesb.i.7.d.AFL-CIOb.i.8.Mobilized public opinion on their behalf to fight for environmental protectionc.Environmental Degradation
c.i.Damage to the natural world from the postwar era was apparentc.i.1.Water pollutionc.i.1.a.Rampant in citiesc.i.1.b.Cuyahoga River in Cleveland Ohio burst into flames from petroleumc.i.2.Air pollutionc.i.2.a.Toxic fumes from factories & automobilesc.i.2.b.Smog levelsc.i.3.Rapid depletion of oil & fossil fuelsc.i.4.Acid rain destroying lakesc.i.5.Destruction of rain forestsc.i.5.a.Limited earth’s capacity to replenish oxygenc.i.6.Depletion of the ozone layerc.i.7.Global Warmingd.Earth Dayd.i.April 22, 1970d.i.1.First Earth Dayd.ii.Originally proposed by Wisconsin senator Gaylord Nelsond.ii.1.Series of teach-ins on college campusesd.iii.Avoided associations with the radical leftd.iii.1.Unthreatening qualityd.iv.Over 20 million Americans participated in some part of Earth Day observancesd.iv.1.Largest single demonstration in the nation’s historyd.v.Endorsed by almost all politicians, absorbed into popular culture, built into primary & secondary educationd.vi.1970 – Nixon passes National Environmental Protection Actd.vi.1.Created the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)d.vi.1.a.Enforced antipollution standards on businesses and consumersd.vi.2.Clean Air Act 1970 & Clean Water Act 1972E.Nixon, Kissinger, & the Wara.Vietnamizationa.i.Henry Kissingera.i.1.Harvard professora.i.2.Nixon appointed as national security advisora.i.3.Established dominance over William Rogers (Secretary of State) & Melvin Lard (Secretary of Defense)a.i.3.a.Nixon liked to concentrate decision making in the White Housea.ii.Lottery Systema.ii.1.Draft was unpopulara.ii.2.Only a limited group of people would be subject to conscription
a.ii.3.Later Nixon urged the creation of an all volunteer armya.ii.4.1973 – Selective Service System is temporarily extincta.iii.“Vietnamization”a.iii.1.Training & equipping of the South Vietnamese military to take over the burden of combat from the U.S.a.iii.2.Fall of 1969 – Nixon announced reduction of American ground troops by 60,000a.iii.2.a.First reduction since beginning the wara.iii.2.b.Reductions steadily continued for 3 yearsa.iii.2.c.1969 – 549,000 1972 – 60,000a.iii.3.Helped quiet domestic opposition to the wara.iii.4.Did not break the stalemate with the North Vietnameseb.Escalationb.i.Nixon ordered air forces to begin bombing Cambodian territory b.i.1.Most effective way to end war was to bomb bases in Cambodia from which the North Vietnamese were launching attacksb.i.2.Raids were kept secret from Congress & the publicb.ii.Spring 1970 – Conservative military leaders overthrew the neutral government of Cambodiab.ii.1.Possible U.S. support & encouragement helped b.ii.2.New Regime was Pro-Americanb.ii.3.Led by General Lon Nolb.ii.3.a.Gave approvals to American incursions into Cambodian territoryb.iii.April 30 1970 – Nixon announces American troops will enter

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