Has unique developmental history is regulated by a

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Has unique developmental history Is regulated by a distinct region of the brain Has special cases of talented individuals Savants – mentally retarded but intelligent in one thing Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory 3 intelligences Analytic intelligence –judging, evaluating, or comparing, and contrasting information Creative intelligence – coming up with fresh and useful ideas for solving problems No traditional intelligences Practical intelligence – ability to solve problems of everyday life efficiently Street smarts Emotional Intelligence Ability to perceive, understand, and use emotions Intelligence Creativity Creativity – ability to produce novel and socially valued ideas or objects How do intelligence and creativity differ? Intelligence = convergent thinking Creativity = divergent thinking Assessing Intelligence Development of Intelligence Testing
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Binet and Simon created the first intelligence test Mental age (MA) – measure of a child’s performance Corresponds to the chronological age of those whose performance equals the child’s Terman revised Binet and Simon’s test Stanford-Binet Described performance as an intelligence quotient (IQ) IQ = (mental age/actual age)*100 Modern Tests of Mental Abilities Achievement test Aptitude test Predict person’s future performance Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) Popular intelligence test Contains verbal and performance cubtest Principles of Test Construction A psychological test must follow these principles Standardization Process of defining meaningful scores relative to a pretested group Establishes a normal distibution Reliability Consistency of results Validity Refers to what a test is supposed to measure or predict Content Validity
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How well the test sampled behavior of interest Ex. Driver’s test Predictive Validity How well test predicts the behavior it’s supposed to predict Ex. an IQ test Stability of IQ scores Scores from infant intelligence tests don’t  predict later IQ scores However, habituation does IQ scores in childhood predict adult IQ Extremes of Intelligence Low Extreme Mental Retardation – IQ score of 70 or below Types of Mental Retardation Organic – trace to specific biological reason (Down’s) Familial – family might have history, just might happen to fall in low distribution Degrees of Metal Retardation Profound/Severe Have few skills and must be supervised Moderate Can sometimes support themselves Performs like a 7 or 8 year old Mild Largest % of mentally retarded people Able to live independent lives
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High Extreme Giftedness – IQ score of 130 or better Modern definitions are broader What influences Intelligence?
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