The cells of a person with ald swell with a buildup of

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Chapter 46 / Exercise 6
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13. The cells of a person with adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) swell with a buildup of fatty acids. In other words, fatty acids are not being broken down. Which organelle is most likely failing to function correctly? (Module 4.10) A. mitochondrion B. Golgi apparatus C. ribosome D. lysosome
14. One function of the central vacuole in plant cells is facilitating cell growth: the central vacuole absorbs water and increases in size, expanding the volume and size of the plant cell while doing so. Animal cells, however, do not grow by this method. What is an essential difference between animal and plant cells that could explain how a plant cell can withstand this expansion of the central vacuole? (Module 4.11)
15. Which of the following structures is essential for the successful operation of the endomembrane system? (Module 4.12)
16. What mitochondrial feature enhances cellular respiration? (Module 4.13)
17. Where are chlorophyll molecules located within the chloroplasts? (Module 4.14) A. in the stroma B. within the outer membrane of the chloroplasts C. embedded in the thylakoid membrane D. within chloroplast ribosomes
18. Many researchers think that the first eukaryotic cells obtained energy for life-sustaining functions from organic compounds. Given this information, which of the following organelles most likely appeared last in eukaryotic cells? (Module 4.15)
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Medium/Heavy Duty Truck Engines, Fuel & Computerized Management Systems
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Chapter 46 / Exercise 6
Medium/Heavy Duty Truck Engines, Fuel & Computerized Management Systems
Bennett
Expert Verified
BIO 106 – PRACTICE QUESTIONS CHAPS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 19. Which of the following cytoplasmic structures functions in the transport of vesicles from the endoplasmic reticulum to the Golgi apparatus? (Module 4.16)
20. Which technique allowed scientists to figure out that all cells, and not just muscle cells, contained actin filaments? (Module 4.17)
21. A disease called primary ciliary dyskenisia is characterized by abnormal ciliary movements. In these cilia, microtubule functioning is disrupted due to microtubules missing an essential component. This disease could be caused by __________. (Module 4.18) A. lack of integrins B. too many integrin proteins C. lack of dynein proteins D. lack of actin proteins

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