# In the meantime many of the lab exercises will be

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delayed until a good mathematical base is established. In the meantime, many of the lab exercises will be devoted to geometric analysis. One of the most useful tools in geometric analysis is the stereonet which is a qualitative tool that serves the same purpose as vectors within a coordinate system. Kinematic analysis requires a mathematical base for a rigorous treatment. Kinematics, as you learned when taking elementary physics, is a mathematical description of the motion of objects. In the case of structural geology kinematics is the description of the path that rocks took during deformation. It is also the mathematical description of the relative position of two infinitesimal points during the deformation of rocks. Two points can change by translating together, rotating around each other, or changing in distance relative to one another. We shall call such a mathematical description deformation mapping . Dynamics is the study of the forces which caused the deformations studied during kinematic analysis. In the case of structural geology dynamics includes the study of how rocks react to stress. For every stress the rocks respond with a finite strain. In a sense rock structures would not have formed, if rocks had not been subject to a stress. A study of dynamics starts with the fourth lecture. Like any physical science, structural geology comes complete with its table of

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Lect. 1 - Introduction 2 numerical data and symbols for physical properties. Physics has its table of fundamental and derived physical constants which includes the speed of light ( c = 3 x 10
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