In responding to the klan between 1869 and 1871 the

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-In responding to the Klan between 1869 and 1871, the federal government showed it could still exert power effectively in the South. -After 1872, prosecutions of the Klan dropped off. In the meantime,the Texas government fell to the Democrats in 1873 and Alabama and Arkansas in 1874.Reconstruction Rolled Back-As divided Republicans debated how to respond, voters in the congressional election of 1874 handed them one of the most stunning defeats of the nineteenth century. -After 1874, with Democrats in control of the House, Republicans who tried to shore up their southern wing had limited options. By 1876, Reconstruction was largely over. Republican governments, backed by token U.S. military units, remained in only three southern states: Louisiana, South Carolina, and Florida.-As early as 1873, in a group of decisions known collectively as the Slaughter-House Cases, the Court began to undercut the power of the Fourteenth Amendment.-After the grim election results of 1874, Republicans faced a major battle in the presidential election of 1876. Abandoning Grant, they nominated Rutherford B. Hayes, a former Union general who was untainted by corruption and — even more important — hailed from the key swing state of Ohio.-Tilden led in the popular vote and seemed headed for victory until sleepless politicians at Republican headquarters realized that the electoral vote stood at 184 to 165, with the 20 votes from Florida, South Carolina, and Louisiana still uncertain. -Finally, Congress appointed an electoral commission to settle the question. -In an attempt to understand this, Tilden had led popular vote until, the Reps realized the votes were no set in stone. Hayes - Republic - Union Gen. “Untainted”Tilden - Democrat-The states that we uncertain had produced two sets of electoral votes, thus making the election a very difficult stand still.
-In order to settle the situation, a commission was created, 7 Rep, 7 Demos, and David Davis, a supreme court justice, to break the tie. But he disqualified himself and was replaced by Joseph P. Bradley.Hayes won.-Bradley promised “ a complete change of men and policy” he set the U.S. troops back to the barracks. Reconstruction had ended.Lasting Legacies-People felt that the officials overthrown were corrupted and thus it was “justified” After 1874, those who deplored the results had littlepolitical traction. The only remaining question was how far Reconstruction would be rolled back.-Despite of what sharecropping was thought to be, it was still not slavery, freedmen and freedwomen was able to resist gang labor and work on their own terms.-Black churches and community groups sustained networks of mutual aid.-The 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments were never repealed.-Still, in the final reckoning, Reconstruction failed. The majority of freedpeople remained in poverty, and by the late 1870s their political rights were also eroding.-In Black Reconstruction in America(1935), Du Bois meticulously documented the history of African American struggle, white vigilante violence, and national policy failure.-Meanwhile, though their programs failed in the South, Republicanscarried their nation-building project into the West, where their policies helped consolidate a continental empire. -

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