Trivedi found that in a majority of cases the husband

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Trivedi found that in a majority of cases the husband and the mother in-law of the victim played a leading role in planning and execution of violence against the bride. These crimes appear to be a product of socially
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Saira Salim, IJSRM Volume 05 Issue 10 October 2017 [] Page 7252 structured expectations about dowry giving the inferior status of women and consequently the low bargaining power of the women and her parents; the growing urban consumerism among lower and middle class sections of the society as well as the lack of effective legal sanctions against such crimes (Haveripeth, 2013). Dowry related violence has been regarded as a universal phenomenon, cutting across all sorts of boundaries and is on continuous increase in India, it may be taken as a matter of grave concern that dowry harassment and death is one of the typical problems of Indian society (Singh, 2005).In this context it is necessary to understand the extent of dowry related violence and the resultant efforts made by the sufferers to stop control or overcome. Keywords: Dowry, Section 498A, cruelty, dowry related violence, dowry death. Introduction: For over a century, eradication of dowry has been a major item on the agenda of the social reformers of all hues. In the last decade or so, it has perhaps received more attention than almost any social issue yet; dowry is nowhere, near being eradicated in fact, it has flourished and spread through all levels of society ( nsure ..... pdf). The dowry system in India has a long history. To understand about the origin of dowry, we have to analyze the position of women throughout the ages. During the Vedic period, women were sufficiently educated and civilized. Marriage was not a social contract but a necessity in law and the married women enjoyed a place of dignity. Monogamy was the established system. Dowry system was prevalent in rich land lords only in the form of movable gifts. Widow Remarriage was also allowed during the period. During the Epic period, the condition of women had deterioted considerably. The concept during this period was that women are the root cause of all evils and narrow mindedness. Polygamy and polyandry were also in existence during this period. According to the texts, the legal position of a woman was always that of a dependent. The unmarried daughter was under the control of her parents, the wife of her husband and widow of her sons. Though a dependent, a woman might possess her own property in the shape of jewellery. The stridhan passed on to the daughter and not to son. During the Sangam period, there was no statement of legal and social equality among the sexes. Manu stipulated that, “A women must be obedient upon her father in childhood, her husband in youth and upon her son in old age”. She should never be free. Introduction of child marriage at an early age resulted in denial of educational right to women. Thus women‟s inferi or position throughout the ages was, not merely in the family and society, but also in matters of property right (Jayapalan 2002:12-16).
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  • Fall '19
  • HARASSMENT, Saira Salim

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