In 1981 Eysenck became a founding member of the World Cultural Council His son

In 1981 eysenck became a founding member of the world

This preview shows page 6 - 9 out of 13 pages.

In 1981, Eysenck became a founding member of the World Cultural Council . His son Michael Eysenck is also a psychology professor. o Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory Behavioral Activation System Proposed to facilitate reactions to all appetitive/rewarding stimuli and regulates approach behavior Behavioral Inhibition System Proposed to mediate conflict both within and between FFFS and BAS: FFFS (avoidance) and BAS (approach) (or BAS-BAS, FFFS-FFFS). These conflicts underlie anxiety. Personality Neuroscience o Plasticity – know what it is, when it occurs, and some examples
Image of page 6

Subscribe to view the full document.

Plasticity implies brain can be changed by personality and behavior can change the brain Now thought of as life-long E.g., London cab drivers Memorizing 25000 streets and hippocampus Amputees (Hand transplants- MU’s Scott Frey) o General limitations of neuroscience The problems may lie in the limitations of the available tools The workings of the brain help to explain social behavior, but a greater understanding of social behavior is also necessary to better understand the brain o Correlation vs. causality for brain and personality relationship It is important to remember that biological processes affect behavior, but both behavior and the social environment also affect biological processes. Understanding each is helpful for understanding the others Genes and Personality o Genotype the genetic constitution of an individual organism. The combination of alleles, situated on corresponding chromosomes, that determines a specific trait of an individual, such as “Aa” or “aa” o Phenotype the set of observable characteristics of an individual resulting from the interaction of its genotype with the environment. o Variance the fact or quality of being different, divergent, or inconsistent. o Heritability What is it, how is it studied, is personality heritable/to what extent? A statistic that tells us about the proportion of differences in people that can be explained by genetic differences among them To measure heritability, typically we use identical (monozygotic) and fraternal (dizygotic) twins So, we measure the personality characteristic we are interested in Then calculate the correlations between the groups of twin pairs The difference between the correlations tells us how much more similar the identical twins are than the fraternal For most traits, higher than 50% How does human heritability compare to that for animals? Animals show lower heritability for biological characteristics (e.g., how much milk produced) Do animals have personalities? o Possible; reliable individual differences have been found in many species Evolutionary Psych & Personality o Know about evolutionary perspectives on human mating and gender differences
Image of page 7
Different strategies for men/women for populating gene pool with offspring o Know about the role of societal expectations, cultural assumptions, and stereotypes in
Image of page 8

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 9
  • Fall '15

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask ( soon) You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes