an extended, ambitious composition typically lasting between 20 and 45 minutes; expanded range of tone and color and dynamics of the classical orchestra Usually consists or 4 movements: 1- Vigorous dramatic fast movement
Intro To Music Study Guide and Notes Almost always fast and in sonata form 2- A lyrical slow movement Broad song-like melodies either sonata, ABA, or theme-variations 3- Dancelike movement (minuet/scherzo) Generally a minuet and trio; moderate to quick tempos 4- A brilliant heroic fast movement Lighter mood than the opening movement; meant as the climax of the whole symphony Concerto- Three-movement work for an instrumental soloist and orchestra Combines soloists’ virtuosity and interpretive abilities with the orchestra’s wide range of tone color and dynamics Balance Usually consists of 3 movements: 1) fast 2) slow 3) fast Cadenza- cadence for soloist, usually in first movement; orchestra often does a fermata Chamber Music - designed for the intimate setting of a room in a home or palace, rather than for a public concert hall Subtle and intimate A chamber music group is a team – each part is essential (give-and-take) String Quartet- most popular form of classical chamber music; written for 2 violins, a viola, and cello Fast, slow, minuet/scherzo, fast Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) was an Austrian composer of classical music Symphony No.94 in G minor ( Surprise ) Joseph Haydn First Movement: Adagio (slow intro); vivace assai (very lively) Serious pulsating rhythm goes into a loud energetic section for the whole orchestra Second Movement: Andante Well known theme and variations Third Movement: Minuet, Allegro Molto ABA minuet form Minuet-trio-minuet Fourth Movement: Finale (allegro di molto) ABA’ (shortened) – development section – A’ (shortened) – development section – AB coda Soft but lively Trumpet Concerto in E flat Major Haydn Third movement: Allegro Sonata – Rondo ABAB’A- development section- AB” – coda Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) Child prodigy Wrote masterpieces in all the musical forms of his time Symphonies, string quartets, piano concertos, operas Very fast – 3 symphonies in 6 weeks
10 Intro to Music Study Guide Don Giovanni (1787) Mozart Overture Dark atmosphere; D minor chords, anxious syncopations Returns again at the end of the opera Turns into a fast sonata form Act 1: introduction Very dramatic, recitative Act 1: Leporello’s catalog aria (Madamina) Fast and humorous Act 1: Duet: La ci darem la mano (There you will give me your hand) Andante , legato melody Polyphonic Act 2: Finale Sudden changes in dynamics Mild word painting Overture repeated Symphony No. 40 in G minor (1788) Mozart First movement: Molto Allegro Quiet and agitated opening theme Sonata form Theme is lead into different themes and cut shorter each time Second Movement: Andante Gentleness and longing Sonata form Countermelody Third Movement: Menuetto (Allegretto) Minuet A -> a (repeated) ba’ (repeated) Trio B -> c (repated) dc’ (repeated) Minuet A -> a ba’ Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) Amazing player :DDD Couldn’t produce as fast as Mozart, but when he did produce things, wow.
- Spring '08
- Music, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Musical Form, Music Study Guide