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WR150 Portfolio

Gerry brenners essay on ernest hemingway discusses in

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Gerry Brenner’s essay on Ernest Hemingway discusses in detail the ideas behind the Hemingway code, a key part of being a Hemingway hero. Brenner’s main point is that this code is a lot more complex than most people believe it to be. He states that there are two lessons to the Hemingway code. One is the capability to have realistic dreams for oneself and the other is to forgive oneself of his or her past. Much of his article has nothing to do specifically with Nick Adams or In Our Time . I used his piece to find another way of defining the Hemingway hero and what characteristics this type of hero has. Gerry Brenner has contributed his expertise in a variety of journals and essays. He also has been a professor at multiple universities. Brogan, Jacqueline Vaught. "Hemingway's In Our Time: A Cubist Anatomy." Hemingway Review 17.2 (1998): 31. Academic Search Premier. Web. 3 Mar. 2013. In her essay, Jacqueline Brogan argues that Hemingway’s In Our Time is a cubist novel. She says that interchapters make it difficult for readers to form connections between all the stories because each of them are different, and they do not all have an explicit connection to each other. She disagrees with the idea of Nick Adams, the central character, to be the implied author of the novel as George Willard was in Winesburg, Ohio. Brogan concludes with her idea that
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50 Hemingway created this novel to bring to light the violence and discontinuity present in the world at the time that he wrote this book. She states that this story is not so much a story of Nick Adams, but one of Hemingway. Her evidence of this is in her analysis of “Big Two-Hearted River”. She describes how there are multiple styles of writing present in just this one story alone – one of Nicks and one of Hemingway. Brogan says that Nick simply cannot write in style and thinks of things simply – a consequence of his experience at war. This ultimately proves her theory of In Our Time being a cubist novel. Brogan’s essay does a good job of proving her argument and she provides valid evidence and points. Upon reading it, I believe that it is convincing. Jacqueline Brogan is a professor of English at the University of Notre Dame with a Ph.D. She has written several published novels, one of which is Part of the Climate: American Cubist Poetry . Brogan has also written many articles among which some are about Ernest Hemingway, Wallace Stevens, and Elizabeth Bishop. I have used Brogan’s article as one of my primary argument sources. I try to disprove her idea about Hemingway’s overall message while agreeing with her description of the structure of In Our Time . Carey, Craig. "Mr. Wilson's War: Peace, Neutrality, And Entangling Alliances In Hemingway's In Our Time." Hemingway Review 31.2 (2012): 6-26. Academic Search Premier . Web. 21 Feb. 2013.
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