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Unformatted text preview: The structure of In Our Time can be seen as a collection of short stories, or as Brogan defines it, a “cubist anatomy”. But despite the various compositions of the novel, the structure in itself is significant to the overall message of the author. In the particular case of Hemingway, he uses the discontinuous nature of his stories and vignettes to illustrate the effects of war on a person. Nick Adams goes through drastic changes after he returns from the war and is not the same person as he was when he was an adolescent. His change shows how detrimental war can be, especially to a naïve and inexperienced person like him. The physical and mental condition of Nick by the end of In Our Time raises another question: is he fit to be named the so-called Hemingway hero? The Hemingway hero is a male character that “faces violence and destruction with courage” (Kramer n.p.). But also a character who follows the Hemingway Code and “[learns] how to make one’s passive vulnerability into a strong…position” (Brenner and Rovit 92). So the argument here is whether Nick passes as this character that can face danger in a brave way and hide his fears. The evidence given in “Big Two-Hearted River” suggests that no, Nick cannot be seen as a hero because on his camping trip he is escaping from the realities of life and death that he saw during war. However, there is a lot of debate concerning this question and to some, Nick is seen as the first Hemingway hero. To go further, if Nick can be seen as a fictional representation of Hemingway, is Hemingway a hero too? Word count: 2,575 Annotated Bibliography 49 Jung Barloon, Jim. "Very Short Stories: The Miniaturization Of War In Hemingway's "In Our Time." Hemingway Review 24.2 (2005): 5-17. Academic Search Premier . Web. 23 Feb. 2013. Brenner, Gerry. "The Code: A Revaluation." Ernest Hemingway . By Earl Rovit. New York: Twayne, 1995. 90-99. Print. Gerry Brenner’s essay on Ernest Hemingway discusses in detail the ideas behind the Hemingway code, a key part of being a Hemingway hero. Brenner’s main point is that this code is a lot more complex than most people believe it to be. He states that there are two lessons to the Hemingway code. One is the capability to have realistic dreams for oneself and the other is to forgive oneself of his or her past. Much of his article has nothing to do specifically with Nick Adams or In Our Time . I used his piece to find another way of defining the Hemingway hero and what characteristics this type of hero has. Gerry Brenner has contributed his expertise in a variety of journals and essays. He also has been a professor at multiple universities. Brogan, Jacqueline Vaught. "Hemingway's In Our Time: A Cubist Anatomy." Hemingway Review 17.2 (1998): 31. Academic Search Premier. Web. 3 Mar. 2013....
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