the great gatsby Dialectical Journals.doc

Discuss how some of the characters or situations fit

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Discuss how some of the characters or situations fit into the typical archetypal categories (generally the model from which something is developed or made). What are the key characteristics of the speaker or narrator ? Consider the struggles evident in the text. What conflict occurs? Discuss the central conflict in the novel. Internal conflict occurs within a character’s mind or emotions. External conflict occurs when a character struggles against an outside force such as nature, society, or another human. Consider commenting on a notable literary technique in the text. What is the impact of the technique on the overall work? I rony : a contradiction or incongruity between appearance or expectation and reality. Satire : satire uses irony, wit, and sarcasm to expose humanity’s vices and foibles, giving the push for change or reform through ridicule. Symbolism : something that, although it is of interest in its own right, stands for or suggests something larger and more complex—often an idea or a range of interrelated ideas, attitudes, and practices. Allusions : an indirect reference to a person, event, statement, or theme found in literature, the arts, history, mythology, religion or popular culture. Consider commenting on imagery (especially predominant or recurring images). Imagery : creates or represents a sensory experience through any of the five senses: sight, touch, hear, smell, and taste The use of figures of speech to express abstract ideas in a vivid and innovative way - Simile : a comparison of two unlike things using like or as - Metaphor : associates two unlike things without like or as - Personification : human characteristics applied to anything non- human such as an abstract idea, a physical force, an inanimate object, or a living organism - Metonymy : one thing is represented by another that it is commonly associated with it (i.e.: “monarch” is referred to as the “crown” because crowns sit on the heads of kings) - Synecdoche : a part of something is used to represent the whole or occasionally the whole is used to represent a part (i.e.: to refer to a “boat” as a “sail” or “car” as “wheels”) 1 Consider the author’s development of theme in the text. Examine the author’s philosophical stances upon the human condition. Relate specific circumstances of the characters to the author’s perceptions of the human condition . 1 Consider the effect of any unusual organizational or rhetorical strategies in the work. Multiple narrators Chapter divisions Pacing elements : for example flashback (interrupts the present action of a narrative text to depict some earlier event—often an event that occurred before the opening scene of the work—via reverie, remembrance, dreaming, or some other mechanism) Unusual punctuation or use of italics Repetition of words, phrases Rhetorical questions : a question not expecting an answer, or one to which the answer is more or less self-evident used primarily for stylistic effect Antithesis
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