Aliana's Foreign Policy Puzzles

Didnt want to be the first american president to lose

This preview shows page 19 - 22 out of 34 pages.

didn’t want to be the first American president to lose a war o Misperception: Driving force behind intervention in Vietnam was the domino theory- misperception that if Vietnam fell to Communism, more countries would fall as well o Presidential personality: active negative president Active- go getter, has an agenda, wants to get stuff done Negative about the political world- insecure, has enemies, more paranoid Active negative- They want power and their presidencies almost always end in disaster 2/22 Morality and Jimmy Carter -Notes Morality Very little agreement about what moral standards ought to exist in policy Morality is of marginal importance- the anarchic nature of the international system means that countries cannot afford to be moral.
Image of page 19

Subscribe to view the full document.

o Realists- two realists, Kenneth Art and Waltz believe the preconditions for morality are absent in international relations; every state does what is necessary for their own interests as they define them. When interests clash with morality, interests win. Liberalists and constructionists- morality plays a large role. Prohibitions exist in the international community such as aggression, colonialism, etc. Just War theory: certain wars are ethical or unethical. To be a just war, the war must have a just cause, the belligerents have to intend to be good, and the use of force must be proportionate and not target civilians. Moral Pathways Individual Conscience o The individual policymakers have internalized some norm or moral precept and change their policy according to their ideas of right and wrong. Domestic Opinions o Leaders may be concerned with how their morality decisions might affect domestic opinion World Opinion o Don't want to tarnish America’s appearance abroad US and Morality Morality marks US’s foreign policy style o Morality binds Americans together. The American people cannot conceive a war fought for narrow reasons. o Morality imbues the way we think about foreign policy questions -Readings: McElroy, Chollet and Lindberg Robert McElroy, Morality and American Foreign Policy Moral norm: A behavioral prescription that is universal in the claims it makes and that involves consideration of the effects of the actor’s action on others, not from the point of view of the actor’s own interests, but from the point of view of the others’ interests. International moral norms are theoretically capable of influencing international relations through 3 mechanisms pointed to by the liberal internationalists:
Image of page 20
o 1. Conscience of state decision makers o 2. Influence of domestic public opinion o 3. International reputational pressures Do moral norms influence foreign policy decision making in a substantial way?
Image of page 21

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 22

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern