When a leader is popular he is able to ensure that

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-When a leader is popular, he is able to ensure that citizens are willing to share with him their concerns and views on issues facing the country. A leader who bothers to have conversations with his people, and actually takes into account what they are saying will find himself not only more popular among the masses, but also better able to implement policies aligned with their needs. - However, leaders who are feared instead of popular tend to be out of touch with the ground’s sentiments due to the lack of feedback received from both advisers as well as the populace. Both groups are unlikely to share what they feel are problems
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within the society that have to be rectified due to the fear of being executed or thrown into concentration camps etc - As a result the society that the leader governs will most likely continue facing problems that will fester and further worsen such as economic problems, poverty, social issues etc -Eg.: North Korea: Kim Jong Un – Country suffering from poverty, lack of proper medical facilities and supplies. Anyone who questions him or tries to give him advice “disappears” or are sent to the concentration camps -Eg.: Syria: Bashar Al Assad – massacres of population, Country suffering from economic problems (unemployment at 50%, 2/3 of population living in extreme poverty), war crimes etc due to unwillingness to listen or take into account alternative ideas - In contrast, leaders who are popular make decisions that demonstrate a concern for their people. - Eg.: Trump’s signing of the executive order to reverse the decision separate immigrant children from their parents on the U.S.-Mexico border, after images of youngsters in cages sparked outrage at home and abroad. As much as he has a hardline stance on immigration, he backed down on his initial decision, and the executive order he had signed required immigrant families to be detained together when they are caught entering the country illegally for as long as their criminal proceedings take. - Eg.: The Singapore government’s Pioneer Generation Package and Merdeka Generation Package make for a sound investment in nation-building, as citizens feel that the government is interested in helping them to manage rising healthcare costs and costs of living. Subsidies and schemes like these ones have helped the PAP government to not only stay in power but also create a sense of belonging among Singaporeans. Conclusion: It is important for political leaders to be both popular as well as feared. - If the leader is merely feared, he is more likely to be disconnected from the actual reality of what is happening in the society and therefore not in touch with what is actually occurring in the society -Eg: Lee Kuan Yew, Putin, Mao, Deng - all began as feared leaders but ended up being a combination of fear and popularity due to the tangible benefits they have created in their various nations – economically and socially - If the leader seeks primarily/solely to be popular, policies may lack the efficiency of implementation, and may end up being populist measures that satisfy the short-term concerns of citizens, but may not do them good in the long run.
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