max 2 max 4 c Usefulness and limitations of Sources M and N in reflecting the

Max 2 max 4 c usefulness and limitations of sources m

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[max. 2] [max. 4] (c) Usefulness and limitations of Sources M and N in reflecting the diplomatic attitude of France as an obstacle to European economic integration during the period 1948-75 [6 marks] L1 Lopsided answer focusing on part of the given period (1948-75), and focusing on either the Sources or own knowledge L2 Comprehensive answer covering the whole given period (1948-75), and covering both the Sources and own knowledge Usefulness, e.g.: - (Source M) The anti-British and anti-American diplomatic attitude of France in the late 1940s restricted the process of European economic integration on the European continent, and confined the Inner Six to coordinate the economic [max. 3] [max. 6] 129
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cooperation on their own. - (Source N) France’s slow acceptance of Britain in the early 1960s and the prevalent anti-Americanism slowed down the progress of European economic integration , i.e. no new members joined the Inner Six in the late 1960s, although the economic cooperation among the member states was getting closer. Limitations, e.g.: - Sources M and N do not reflect the change of French attitude towards Britain and the U.S., as well as the subsequent advance in the progress of European economic integration. - Since the retirement of Charles de Gaulle in 1969, the anti-British and anti- American stance of France softened. After another round of negotiation, Britain was eventually admitted to the European Community in 1973, thus extending the extent of European economic integration to a former economic power. This further strengthened the economic status of the European Community. 130
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9. Study Source O. SOURCE O The following cartoon appeared in a British newspaper on 18 February 1969. Source: “Cartoon by Papas on WEU and the United Kingdom’s application for accession to the European Communities (18 February 1969) - Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l'Europe website” ( - 8355-0e20798053f7/04bd8684-60c1-46b6-9a45-6c7ed79c1f5b/en ) (Accessed on 12 February 2014). (a) Could Britain take part in the European economic cooperation during the late 1960s? Cite relevant clues from Source O to support your answer. (1+1 mark) (b) What was the main reason for your answer in part (a)? Explain your answer with reference to Source O and using your own knowledge. (4 marks) (c) Did the pattern of European economic cooperation you mentioned in parts (a) and (b) change in the 1970s? Explain your answer with reference to Source O and using your own knowledge. (6 marks) 131 Harold Wilson (British Prime Minister) Charles de Gaulle (French President) WEU = Western European Union EEC = European Economic Community
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Question 9 Suggested answers and reference for assessment (a) Whether Britain could take part in European economic cooperation during the late 1960s [1+1 mark] Whether Britain could take part: No Clue: - Harold Wilson (British Prime Minister) had to stay outside the house labelled EEC.
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