NURSINGTB.COMKEY: Nursing Process Step: Evaluation MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Basic Care and Comfort 17. The patient with sleep apnea is fitted with a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) mask and asks the nurse how this device will help. How should the nurse respond?
The CPAP mask delivers a constant positive pressure to keep the airway open. CPAP does not require intubation and does not deliver negative pressure.PTS: 1 DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: 323 OBJ: 6 (theory) TOP: CPAP Mask KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Basic Care and Comfort 18. When caring for a patient with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), the nurse is aware that this patient is most at risk for developing which type of pneumonia?
Pneumocystis jiroveci (formerly known as Pneumocystis carinii) is commonly seen in AIDS patients. Hypostatic pneumonia is related to inadequate aeration of the lungs seen frequently with immobile patients. Streptococcus pneumoniaeis the most common causative organism for bacterial pneumonia in the general population. Atypical pneumonia refers to pneumonia that does not present with the typical symptoms of pneumonia.