Pts 1 dif cognitive level application ref 313 obj 6

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PTS: 1 DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: 313 OBJ: 6 (theory) TOP: Closed-Chest Drainage KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Basic Care and Comfort 16. The nurse is educating a patient who requires daily postural drainage treatments. Which statement indicates that the patient understands when and why treatments will be scheduled? a. “I will have treatments first thing in the morning to get rid of fluids that have built up over night.”b. “I will have my treatments after an hour after breakfast to make sure that I am fully alert.”c. “I will have treatments after lunch to prevent an unsafe drop in my blood sugar.”d. “I will have treatments right before bed to ensure that I breathe more easily at night.”ANS: A
If the patient is to have postural drainage only once a day, drainage should be done in the morning to remove secretions that have accumulated during the night. Because there is likely to be some gagging during coughing episodes that take place during postural drainage, it is best to carry out the procedure before meals, when the stomach is relatively empty and vomiting is less likely.PTS: 1 DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: 318 OBJ: 2 (theory) TOP: Postural Drainage NURSINGTB.COMMEDICAL SURGICAL NURSING CONCEPTS AND PRACTICE 3RD EDITION DEWIT TEST BANK
NURSINGTB.COMKEY: Nursing Process Step: Evaluation MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Basic Care and Comfort 17. The patient with sleep apnea is fitted with a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) mask and asks the nurse how this device will help. How should the nurse respond?
The CPAP mask delivers a constant positive pressure to keep the airway open. CPAP does not require intubation and does not deliver negative pressure.PTS: 1 DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: 323 OBJ: 6 (theory) TOP: CPAP Mask KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Basic Care and Comfort 18. When caring for a patient with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), the nurse is aware that this patient is most at risk for developing which type of pneumonia?
Pneumocystis jiroveci (formerly known as Pneumocystis carinii) is commonly seen in AIDS patients. Hypostatic pneumonia is related to inadequate aeration of the lungs seen frequently with immobile patients. Streptococcus pneumoniaeis the most common causative organism for bacterial pneumonia in the general population. Atypical pneumonia refers to pneumonia that does not present with the typical symptoms of pneumonia.

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