For what happens in everyday life capturing life as

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for what happens in everyday life Capturing “life as it is lived” has been a strong goal for some researchers for a long time
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o Researchers have developed toolbox for measuring experiences, behavior, and physiology in daily lives o (1) Sampling daily behavior (2) Sampling daily experiences (3) Sampling daily psychology (4) Collecting usage data via smartphones (5) Sampling online behavior Some researchers developed new methods due to growing skepticism toward highly controlled lab studies o Experience-sampling method – participants report their momentary thoughts, feelings, and behaviors during different points in time over the course of a day o Ecological momentary assessment – repeatedly sample participants’ real-world experiences, behavior, and physiology in real time o Diary method – participants complete questionnaire about thoughts, feelings, and behavior of the day at the end of the day All 3 methods involve collect in-the-moment self-report data directly from people as they live their lives o Participants are asked repeatedly over a period of time to report their thoughts and feelings o Momentary questionnaires often ask about location, social environment, activity, and experiences Technology allows for momentary questionnaires to be collected digitally and time- stamped Experience sampling and momentary self-reports are now gold standard for studying daily life o Ensure receiving many measurements from participants & inspired development of new statistical methods o Brought attention to what psychology wants and needs to know about Focused on what people actually do, think, and feel in the various contexts of their lives o Researchers can now do research that is more generalizable to real life Stone, Reed, and Neale tracked positive & negative experiences of a respiratory infection w/ experience sampling o Undesirable experiences peaked & desirable ones dipped ~ 4 to 5 days before getting the cold Day reconstruction method (DRM) – participants describe experiences & behavior of a given day retrospectively upon systematic reconstruction on the following day o Developed to obtain info about daily experiences w/o burden of collecting experience sampling data o People look back on yesterday and divide it up into series of episodes o Sheds light on what situations lead to moments of positive & negative mood during a day Experience sampling is often used to study everyday behavior o In a lab, behavior is best studied using direct behavioral observation Electronically activated recorder or EAR – participants wear small portable audio recorder that intermittently records snippets of ambient sounds around them Mehl and colleagues developed a naturalistic observation method called EAR
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o Equipped participants w/ portable audio recorder programmed to record brief snippets of ambient sounds o Participants carry recorder (phone app) as they go about their days & return it at end of the study o Recorder provides researchers w/ series of sound bites – acoustic diary of participants’ day Naturalistic observation can study objective aspects of daily behavior & yield findings different from other methods
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  • Spring '08
  • YOUNG
  • Psychology, Causality, researchers, Correlational Research, Study w/ experience

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