- Nationalization of US investment - Bay of Pigs in 1961 - Resolution of the Cuban missile crisis in 1962, US promises not to invade Cuba 8. The growth of the counter revolution as the revolutionary process starts all over again with grievances of the masses. The revolution turns in on itself. - Liberal enemies of Batista criticized Castro’s new Communist rule - 1980s: the masses were dissatisfied with the declining standard of living. - 125,000 people emigrated to the US in result - the Cubans isolated itself from the ordinary people. - Cuba continued to rely on sugar and their relationship with the USSR. - modernization failed. Fall of USSR led to econ. failure. for Cuba. Control over media still existed. Foreign investment upset masses. * note: Cuban gov’t ALLOWED counter-revolution? What problems did Castro confront when he took power in Cuba? How did he deal with them? - “permanent” unemployment- ratio same as America during Depression - ILLITERACY - solution: reduce rents by 50 percent, agrarian reform According to Castro, why did his approach lead to conflict with the US? What did the Americans do that aggravated this conflict? - people who owned the houses and buildings were upset at the rent cut - Americans insisted on “speedy payment, efficient payment, and just payment” for the land Cuba - *propaganda AGAINST Cuba How did Castro justify the expropriation of land owned by US companies? - Castro explained that he was not communist- “just slightly pink” - needed the land for reform - He was not confiscating land but proposing to pay for them over a long period of time through bonds How did Castro explain the developing relationship between Cuba and USSR?
- Castro insisted that Cuba did not exchange information with the Soviet Union although Cuba was known at the time as a Red government (communist) Why would US corporations have been reluctant to accept Cuban government bonds in payment for the land expropriated? - U.S. Corporations were reluctant to accept Cuban government bonds because the bonds paid out really slowly, as stated in the document, “...mature in twenty years at four-and-a-half per cent…” - bond is trusted in Cuba- Castro may not be there in 20 years (from the US’ perspective) What reasons did Castro provide to explain the hostility of the US govt towards the Cuban revolution? - The U.S. were hostile towards the Cuban revolution because they foresee a overthrow of government and fear the changes and impact on American interests in Cuba - they interpreted Cuba’s actions as a communist threat “RED” when Castro said they were “slightly pink” Why did Castro insist that when the US first began making demands on his govt, it was not yet a communist regime? - Americans do not like communism and Castro wanted their support and investments to grow in Cuba Theories about Castro’s gradual conversion to Communism Theory Evidence 1 Evidence 2 Evidence 3 Conspiracy - Castro was always a communist all along - used propaganda to control the media (censorship) to show the Cuban people his cult of personality - nationalized and collectivized American businesses/properties - took from the rich to give
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