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-Social movements were important and indeed its around the struggle for voting rights, that social movements became really important. -(Pg. 39) The rise of Public Participation in Politics: Government -People organized themselves to assert claims on that government. -State capacities that were growing. Europeans states were growing militarily. One of the key development that provoked it, was French Revolution in 1789 (February revolution). As a result, there was a growth of Napoleonic armies (mass armies organized by the French were extremely successful in defeating other armies). -Countries had to grow legitimacy to support armies and one of the ways to do that was to appeal to democratic ideas. (Big impact on 2ndWW). -States increasingly have elective assemblies which can decide over more and more areas of social life. -Social movements want the vote because elected assemblies are deciding issues such as taxation (important part of budgeting is a level of taxation/how much taxation the state wants, determines how much money there is for state). -Women’s struggle for the vote –suffragette movement (English example, was the drive by women in the latter part of the 19thcentury and early 20thcentury to gain the right to vote. -Their struggle, reflected the narrow definition of liberal democracy in the 19thcentury. According to that definition, only white property males should vote. -(pg. 49) waves of democracy in which democratic struggle was conducted. Democracy did not develop in one country. Developments in one country built on struggles in another country. -Feudal contract -Suffragete -J.S. Mills wrote “the subjection of women” where he argued that women could develop their rational powers if given the opportunity to participate in politics. -The Enlightenment ideals were that rational beings make choices and determine their fate. find more resources at oneclass.comfind more resources at oneclass.com
Friday, October 21, 2016 3 -Woman’s movement is taken this on and as shown in a film, women engaged in mounting struggles for the vote, and this led to bombings, force feedings in prisons, and the death of an activist of horse race, who fell under the horse at the annual horse race attended by the king. -Women did not gain the right to vote until after the first world war. -First World War, (1914-18). Women amended their struggle for the vote in order to unite behind the war effort, and with that there is an increasing role for women in war industries (men were away fighting), women took occupations, such as producing machinery, and as women transformed their social role, and took on leading roles in organizing nursing support for military men/soldiers. Its harder to sustain this notion that women should be excluded from voting.