Humanistic theory person centered therapy therapist

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Humanistic Theory Person-centered therapy Therapist conveys empathy and unconditional positive regard Minimal therapist interpretation No strong evidence that purely humanistic therapies work to treat mental disorders More effective for people dealing with normal life stress, not suffering from psychopathology
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The Behavioral Model Derived from a scientific approach to the study of psychopathology Classical conditioning (Pavlov; Watson) Food (UCS) ---- Salivation (UCR) Tone (Neutral) ---- No response Tone + Food ----Salivation Tone (CS) ---- Salivation (CR)
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Little Albert Conditioning explains the acquisition of some fears Loud noise (UCS) ---- Fear White Rat (neutral)---- No Fear Loud noise + white rat ---- Fear White rat (CS) ---- Fear (CR) Generalization & Discrimination
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Operant Conditioning Thorndike; Skinner Law of Effect Behavior is guided by its consequences Reinforcement – increases behavior Positive & Negative Examples Punishment – decreases behavior
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The Beginnings of Behavior Therapy Challenged psychoanalysis Behavior therapy tends to be time-limited and direct Strong evidence supporting behavior therapies Behavior therapy: Creating new associations by practicing new behavioral habits, and/or reinforcing useful behaviors with positive consequences Techniques Systematic desensitization Aversion therapy
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An Integrative Approach Psychopathology is multiply determined Unidimensional accounts of psychopathology are incomplete No contribution to psychological disorders occurs in isolation Behavior, both normal and abnormal, is a product of a continual interaction of psychological, biological and social influences
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