3 reasons why most ppl r cut off frm diligent inquiry

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3 reasons why most ppl r cut off frm diligent inquiry which is necessary to learn about truth: Ppl don’t have physical disposition for such work o Not fitted to pursue knowledge Ppl have the ability but devote themselves to taking care of temporal matters o → less time for contemplative inquire o Too busy Ppl r cut off by indolence (laziness) Summa Theologica o “summary of theology” o Most famous bk of Medieval Ages View of Aristotle o Frequently quoted Aristotle o Use ur senses Natural theology (general revelation in relation to special revelation) o Can learn things by looking @ nature But some pieces of knowledge can’t b learned simply by looking @ nature
24 Can only b learned through revelation (ex. incarnation, resurrection, trinity) St. Francis Lady Poverty o Story Francis went out in search of poverty Poverty= had been w/ Adam until he sinned Monks= joined poverty until avarice made them rich o → poverty left monks Francis took poverty as his bride Animals Franciscans o Francis’ Rule Take up the cross Advice to the rich Directions on sending out the apostles o Francis called his group the Friars Minor (“Lesser Brothers”) Aka Franciscans o Appealed to the pope to appoint Cardinal Ugolino as his advisor Needed organization Ugolino= wanted to reform the church by giving the Franciscans authority o Preached Christlike humility o Divided b/w the Conventuals & the Spirituals Conventuals= allowed the church to hold poverty for Franciscan use Spirituals= argued that complete poverty was an indispensable note of the true church Protestors before Luther John Wyclif o Wyclif changed frm orthodox preacher into a Protestant b/c wanted reform of Roman church o accepts ancient division of the church in2 3 parts: one triumphant in heaven one militant here on earth asleep in purgatory o church on earth= the whole # of the elect contain only men that shall b saved o predestinarianism → no man knows whether he is of the church o Invisible church of the elect Church= unity that knows nothing of papal primacies & hierarchies Salvation of the elect ≠ b conditioned by masses, indulgences, penance, or other devices of priestcraft o Challenged medieval beliefs & practices Retained belief in purgatory & extreme unction Images ≠ have to be removed if they increased devotion Prayers to saitns ≠ wrong Confession= useful But only if it was voluntary & made to a suitable person o Compulsory confession= bondage of Antichrist Said that preaching is of more value than the administration of any sacrament o Used Scripture to judge the Roman Church Christ’s law= best o Right of every man to examine the Bible for himself NT= open to understanding of simple men
25 o Denial of transubstantiation Published 12 arguments against the idea that the bread & wine of Holy Communion were transformed in2 the physical body & blood of Christ

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