Ex:We can either stop using cars or destroy the earth.You either for me or you against me.She loves me; she loves me not.Hasty Generalization: When a writer draws a conclusion based on too little evidence or from unrepresentative evidence, and false to search for additional information or evidenceand consider other possibilities Ex:If you grow up in the very white state of Idaho and only see Blacks on TV, you are likelyto think that most Black men are athletes, gangster rappers or comedians. Ex:My roommate said her philosophy class was hard, and the one I’m in is hard, too. All philosophy classes must be hardFalse Analogy: Comparing one person, event, or issue to another may be illuminating, but it can also be confusing or misleading.Ex:If we legalize gay marriage, next we'll legalize marriage between men and their pets.Begging the Question:to beg the question is to assume as proven fact the very thesis being argued.Ex:There’s no childhood obesity problem because kids are generally slim and happy.Non Sequitur:Latin for “it does not follow.” This fallacy occurs when an author draws a conclusion that doesn’t logically follow from the premise.Ex: Mary drives a car. Marilyn must be wealthy.If you loved me, you’d buy me this car.Oversimplification:When an author proposes an overly easy solution to a difficult or complex problem.Ex:The answer to childhood obesity is to teach kids to “just say no” to bad foodRed Herring:Distracting your audience from the main point by bringing up something else unconnected with the logic of the argument. Ex: The level of mercury in seafood may be unsafe, but what will fishers do to support their families?
Logic, Causality, Correlation does not imply causation
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