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To formulate government policy and exercise control over its implementation. In other words, the Cabinet is the apex of the executive branch of government. It is the body that provides a general oversight and coordination of government policies. It is a body in which many of the most important political decisions are taken and reported. This can clearly be seen on the weekly ministerial meeting chaired by the PM or DPM.It plans the business of Parliament and answerable to it as well via individual and collective ministerial responsibility.17
The Doctrine of Ministerial Responsibility (Collective & Individual):Meaning of ministerial responsibility- Wade & Bradley defined the doctrine as: “Within a democratic state, those who govern should be accountable, or responsible, to whom they govern”. Marshall and Moody described ministerial responsibility as: “Ministers are responsible for the general conduct of government…”Note: Ministerial responsibility is a doctrine that governs the constitutional relationship between the Cabinet, Parliament and the civil service. The purpose behind the doctrine is based on the notion that the Government (executive) being part of Parliament is answerable, accountable and responsible to it for the way it steers the ship of state. 18
The Doctrine of Ministerial Responsibility (Collective & Individual):The doctrine of ministerial responsibility is divided into two: collective and individual. In England, this doctrine is not founded on law but on conventions of the constitution. On the other hand, in Malaysia, collective responsibility is explicitly acknowledged in Art 43(3) of the Federal Constitution. But individual responsibility is founded on unwritten conventions and political norms.