Imperialism and the Road to World War I (1).pptx

Spanish american war 1898 spanish put down a large

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Spanish American War (1898) Spanish put down a large revolt by Cubans and killed their leader They put them into prison camps and 400,000 died of disease and starvation Looked like Holocaust victims American newspapers highlighted the violence and tragedy Remember the Maine! An American battleship was sent to Cuba as a show of power and American interest A few weeks later, it exploded 260 American sailors were killed
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American Expansion The United States defeated the Spanish in four months US gained territories from the Spanish Puerto Rico, Philippines, Guam Cuba became independent but was protected by the USA The Panama Canal President Roosevelt was Secretary of the Navy Wanted a way to move his fleet faster from the East Coast to the West Coast (and vice-versa) Panama Canal was built across the isthmus of Panama (1904; operational in 1914) Connected the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans Many died in the construction
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Roosevelt Corollary In 1905 President Roosevelt expanded on the Monroe Doctrine Many Latin American countries owed large debts to European powers The United States intervened to try to force Latin American countries to pay what was owed Marines occupied the Dominican Republic for almost a decade Hoped it would encourage democracy and stability Gained favor from European countries Gained mostly animosity from Latin American groups Why?
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The Partition of Africa Partition means to divide King Leopold II of Belgium wanted to partition “this magnificent piece of African cake”. By 1914, European Nations controlled 90% of Africa South Africa Shaka Zulu united the Zulu empire of South Africa and fought with early Dutch settlers known as “Afrikaners” (Known by the British as Boers) When the British took interest in the area in the late 19 th century, they fought the Zulu Zulu surprisingly won early battles; but were eventually overwhelmed by the British numbers and weapons. Famous stand against Imperialism
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Partition of Asia India The British control of India ranged back to the mid 18 th century when they took it from the French.
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