111 The Concept of Prophethood God used to send a prophet to every people A

111 the concept of prophethood god used to send a

This preview shows page 28 - 32 out of 117 pages.

111 The Concept of Prophethood God used to send a prophet to every people A brief history of prophets (some names mentioned) Revelation Some revealed books: S uhuf / I brahim , Z abur / Dawud, Torah /Musa, Injil/ Gospel/ Esa Angels Their nature, character, position and relation with God (not his sons or daughters) 112 Day of Judgment Its existence, what will happen on that day, Jannah , Jahannam No specific date is given for its happening ‘Ibadat (worship) Revelation the only source. The Qur’an sets the basics of ‘ibadat and the Prophet gives details
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2/5/2009 29 113 Morality Revelation the main source The Qur’an sets universal ethical norms and values Obedience and submission to God, justice, benevolence, kindness, generosity, brotherhood, honesty, truthfulness, sincerity, trust ( amanah ), forbearance, patience, tolerance and forgiveness, inviting/encouraging people to do good, and preventing/ discouraging them from doing bad ( munkar ) 114 Human and social relations Revelation is the main source The Qur’an deals with the main principles of these relations: Relationship among family members - between husbands and wives - between parents and children - marriage, divorce, inheritance Relations with relatives 115 Relations with neighbours Social relations and interaction Relations between genders Etiquettes and manners Relations with non-Muslims Relations with animals Halal & haram: (Revelation is the only source) Food, drinks, clothes 116 Law : - Family law - Criminal law - Procedural law - Commercial law - International law
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2/5/2009 30 117 Economic system (Revelation provides guidance to attain and maintain justice) Islam sets some norms and principles along with some restrictions to ensure the observance of those norms and principles (prohibition of riba , uncertain contracts, etc.) 118 Zakat is imposed to secure the minimum economic and social justice, Rich people are exhorted to spend and promised to be rewarded for that. Social welfare (59: 7) 119 Political system The Qur’an sets norms and principles The establishment of a government/ central authority and the duties of subjects to obey its commands 120 The governance should be based on consultation ( ْرّش )and the right of people to select their leaders. The format of ( ْرّش ) and government are left to the choice of people and are open for development.
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2/5/2009 31 121 History and Civilization The origin of this universe The Qur’an states that this universe was created by Allah, and gives short description of that creation The origin of mankind - The Qur’an states that the first man (Adam) was created by God from dust/ clay (15: 26), (15: 28-29), (17: 61), (23: 12), (32: 7), (32: 9), 38: 71-72) - Eve was created for Adam (4: 1), (7: 189), (39: 6) 122 - Adam was taught the basic knowledge by God (2: 30-33) - When Adam and his wife, mistakenly, disobeyed the commands of God, they were sent down from Jannah (Paradise) to the earth where they and their children settled.
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