Resistance that it has become impossible for nature

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resistance that it has become impossible for nature to assimilate them back. So, some studies aimed to find solution to minimize the use of plastics by finding alternatives that has the same use and purpose for plastics but has different formula that will allow it to decompose through time. One example for this is the biodegradable bags made from Cassava starch. In the 1860s plastics were invented, but in the 1940s the production increased when it became one of the fastest-growing global industries (Geyer, et al. 2017). The most common plastics are based on fossil fuels, a non-renewable source. Geyer et al. (2017) state that fossil hydrocarbons are used as the raw material used to make plastics, such as ethylene and propylene, stressing that none of the commonly used plastics are biodegradable. Therefore, these plastics accumulate instead of decomposing in the environment. 2.3 Components of Cassava and Its Uses Cassava ( Manihot Esculenta ) has its origin in Latin America where it has been grown by the indigenous Indian population for at least 4000 years. Cassava are not only used as food but also in many different ways that have been process widely in agriculture and poultry. As in Myanmar, the cassava roots are harvested in Tanintharyi Region, Mon State, Yangon Region and other tropical places as well (Thu, 2015). The starch from Cassava is a very good material for producing biodegradable plastics. 15
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Guzman, M.G. et al. affirmed that cassava starch can be used as a substitute in producing biodegradable plastic. The plastic derived from cassava starch is not only biodegradable, and also has good quality with regards to translucency. The most abundant raw material for the development of biodegradable plastics is starch due to its in large availability quantity. In addition, conventional plastics have certain properties that make them “distinct”, recyclable plastics are going to be demanded in majority in the near future because of its environmentally friendly in all methods of production would be used extremely. 2.4 Biodegradable Plastics Made from Cassava Starch and Its Process The significance of bioplastic is to maintain a sustainable environment and to prevent or lessen the disposal of synthetic plastic wastes that causes damage to our world. The used of bioplastic from cassava starch is reinforced with nanoclay from renewable resources. Nanoclay in cassava starch bioplastic enhanced the highest structure of bioplastic which this structure able to increase the stretchable strength and reduce water absorption of bioplastic. (Wahyuningtiyas, N.K., & Suryanto, H., 2018). Bio-based plastic are plastics made from biomass. The production of bio-based plastics is expected to grow rapidly, since the environmental issues are becoming more illustrious. Thereby, is the depletion of fossil 16
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fuels another motivator to search for alternatives (Shen et al., 2010).
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  • Fall '19
  • Cassava, Biodegradable plastic

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