composite of the skills required and possessed provided little clarity since in

Composite of the skills required and possessed

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composite of the skills required and possessed provided little clarity since in each case, very few skills were required or possessed. Thus the incidence of unmet requirements was quite sparse and uninformative. However, when we consider the incidence of youth meeting all of an employer’s skills requirements, we find important distinctions. Regional variations: The lack of skills strongly varied by town and zone when we take the intersection of all met dependencies . Zones: Only 27% of youth/employer combinations present a match with regards to the stated requirements. The match was dropping to 19% in Somaliland, with commercial hubs’ employability rates about 4 percentage points lower than administrative capitals. In the union of all their requirements, the public sector in Somaliland appears more accommodating of youth than the private sector, although in each individual measure, the requirements were higher, on average. Cities: In Hargeysa and Bossasso, around half of youth-employer combinations result in the youth meeting all educational and skills requirements, while in Burao and Garowe 40% or less do. o Bossasso’s situation is due to a combination of low requirement standards and a high presence of the college graduate there. Bossasso’s employers in particular distinguished themselves by rarely requiring specific skills. Hargeysa also did well on the education nexus, with high levels of youth education meeting high requirement. Hargeysa’s high unmet demand for administrative and management skills is offset by its high degree of labour supply sufficiency in most other categories. o Burao exhibits unmet demands for more technical skills: beautician, restaurant services, mobile phone repair, and tailoring. Garowe exhibits a need for skilled labour such as plumbing, masonry, electrical work and welding – noting that these are sectors of opportunity in Garowe. Figure 25 – Requirement nexus: Youth meeting all requirements? By City 47,5 35,2 59,1 53,3 52,5 64,8 40,9 46,7 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Hargeysa Burao Garowe Bossasso TRUE FALSE
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48 IOM Somalia - Research on Youth, Employment and Migration Public and private sectors: The public sector’s more demanding educational requirements meant that less than two thirds of youth met them, compared to more than three quarters in the private sector. Larger companies were more demanding than smaller ones (less than 10 employees) in terms of education. Public sector employers generally had higher standards, and thus the ability of youth to meet requirements for public sector jobs is much reduced (except, oddly, in Bossasso, where the high level of education appears to trump all else): “On the one hand it is a good thing, as it shows that the public sector is less likely to hire unskilled people; on the other hand, it also shows that certificates and diplomas, which are often meaningless (in Hargeysa), are more important than actual skills” (Businessman, IT Services, Hargeysa) . The public sector’s more demanding educational requirements meant that less
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  • Fall '17
  • IOM, Human migration, Somaliland

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