NURSING THEORY ANALYSIS5giving a coherent understanding of how the theory is pragmatic to patient care. The ten carative factors to the theory are: “1. Formation of a humanistic- altruistic system of values2. Instillation of faith and hope3. Cultivation of sensitivity to oneself and to others4. Development of a helping-trusting human caring relationship5.Promotion and acceptance of the expression of both positive and negative feelings6. Systemic use of a creative problem-solving caring process7. Promotion of transpersonal teaching-learning8. Provision for a supportive, protective, and/or corrective mental, physical, societal, and spiritual environment9. Assistance with gratification of human needs10. Allowance for existential- phenomenological-spiritual forces” (Butts, 2015, p.503). The philosophical foundation for Watson’s theory derive from the first three carative factors. Thelast seven carative factors were developed from the first three carative factors.Another important concept of the human caring theory is the transpersonal caring relationship. To be transpersonal one must have a unified body, mind, spirit, shared consciousness, and one with the universe (Butts, 2015, p.503). During this relationship, the nurse is true of self and others, concentrating on caring, spiritual healing, and the patient holistically, rather than just the sickness alone. For the nurse to develop a long-lasting trusting relationship with the patient, the nurse must be open to listening and understanding the patient’s viewpoint. The goal of the transpersonal caring relationship is to maintain patient’s self-respect, mortality, and enhance their overall happiness.