Communication Technologies and Standards_IEEE.pdf

Wired and wireless networks deployed in difficult

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wired and wireless networks deployed in difficult environments, where the presence of high interference requires adaptive and re- configurable network operations. In [35], a hybrid routing pro- tocol that combines local agility with centralized control is pre- sented. It meets the requirements of robust collection, point-to- point communication, and low footprint. It uses a distributed al- gorithm to form a Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG) for routing data from in-network nodes to border routers, allowing nodes to maintain multiple options that are ranked through data-driven link estimation. IV. S MART G RID S TANDARDS There are many applications, techniques and technological solutions for smart grid system that have been developed or are still in the development phase. However, the key challenge is that the overall smart grid system is lacking widely accepted standards and this situation prevents the integration of advanced applications, smart meters, smart devices, and renewable en- ergy sources and limits the interoperability between them. The adoption of interoperability standards for the overall system is a critical prerequisite for making the smart grid system a reality. Seamless interoperability, robust information security, increased safety of new products and systems, compact set of protocols and communication exchange are some of the objectives that can be achieved with smart grid standardization efforts [37]. There are many regional and national attempts towards achieving this goal; for example, the European Union Technology Platform organization’s strategic energy tech- nology plan is all about the development of a smart electricity system over the next 30 years; Ontario Energy Board, Canada, has committed itself towards the completion of a smart meter installation [37]. On the other hand, NIST, the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), the International Electro technical Commission (IEC), the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), the International Telecommunica- tion Union (ITU), the Third Generation Partnership Project
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GÜNGÖR et al. : SMART GRID TECHNOLOGIES: COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES AND STANDARDS 535 TABLE II O VERVIEW OF S MART G RID S TANDARDS (3 GPP) and on the regional level, the Korean Agency for Tech- nology and Standards (KATS), and Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) are the recognized standard development organizations that are worth to mention. In addition, the CEN, CENELEC, and ETSI has formed a Joint working group for smart grid standardization efforts and aim to achieve the Euro- pean Commission’s policy objectives regarding the smart grid [37]. Their efforts focus on smart metering functionalities and communication interfaces for electric, water and heat sectors in Europe. An overview of smart grid standards are given in Table II. In the following, the details of these standards are explained.
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  • One '14
  • smart grid, Power line communication

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