Cosmological argument, on the other hand, argues that the truth about something can only be known to be true after practical knowledge is used in order to prove something to be true or false. For example, Descartes's conclusion ”I think, therefore I am”is arrived after much thought and practical evaluation of himself. He can know for a fact that he is thinking and within the time of a though he can be sure that he exists. 4. Explain Descartes’ solution to the problem of human error, given a perfect creator god. *** All information here comes from the 4th Mediation*** Descartes concludes that he is made from God and God cannot deceive him because He is an all-perfect being. Although Descartes is made from God, he is not God-like, but rather “something intermediate between God and nothingness, or between supreme being and non-being” (4th Meditation). This means since he is in-between, errors don't have to come from God it's sort of like a side effect of being an imperfect being. Descartes thinks that errors can come from two places 1: from within him ( the capacity of knowledge), and 2: his will (the ability of choice). He releases the burden from our knowledge and instead puts the blame on our will. Descartes concludes that human error originates from the capacity of the will, which is larger than the intellect. The will can judge anything, and everything including topics it doesn't understand. 5. Explain Hume’s “skeptical solution” to the doubts he has raised about our ability to know that the future will resemble the past. According to Hume all our knowledge is based on our experiences What we think will happen in the future depends on what has happened in the
Sherri Anthony December 18, 2019 Final past, we assume that things will continue the way it has always happened. For example, the sun rose yesterday and it has come up every day in the past since I've experienced this every day I will predict that the sun will come out tomorrow and many other days in the future. Through his deductive reasoning, he wants to explain that we cannot always say our future is past, because there is no demonstrative proof in this respect or there is no contradiction proof that our future may not resemble our past.He also says that we cannot entirely depend upon our past experiences so one should learn from the past and do new experiments to learn from it. 6. Explain Hume’s compatibilist solution of the “problem” of liberty and necessity. *** spoke to a few classmates about this one, I dont like this question. It was hard to understand.*** For Hume, all ideas are copied from impressions. For instance regarding color without an impression of blue, we could not have the concept of blue. One of Hume’s important contributions to the free-will debate is this different conception of necessity. This conception of necessity is perfectly compatible with liberty.
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