Hoover moratorium –US President Hoover announced a 1-yr moratorium (stop) on all payments of German debts. END OF REPARATIONS. MacDonald- Labour party prime minister in Britain who organized a moderate
national government, a coalitionof conservative, liberal, and labour parties. Easter uprising, 1916,Dublin, Ireland- a nationalist uprising that wanted to establish an Irish independent state. The British suppressed it, though. The Germans funded the this so the uprising would distract the British from WWI. Sinn Fein and the Irish Republican Army- Rebel leadership shifted to the Sinn Fein extremists [“ourselves alone”]. They Used their army, The Irish Republican Army, fora civil war between the military wing of the Sinn Fein [the Irish Republican Army] and the British Army. Irish Free State- treaty was declared, and the Irish Free State was made—became the Republic of Ireland. Ulster- 6 mostly Protestant counties of Ulster wanted to stay within the United Kingdom. It became known as Northern Ireland. Popular Front- a political group that cameto power in France; made of socialists, radicals, and Communists. They had major reforms: 40-hr work week, paid vacations. France also made the Maginot line between French border and Germany. However, in WWII, Germans crossed into France through Belgium, the same way they came before (bypassing Maginot). Trotsky- the Red Armyin Russia was under the control of this man. He helped Lenin rule, who was the symbol of worldwide revolution. Cheka- secret police in the Soviet Union that came after the revolution, to put down opposition. War Communism- Lenin’s economic policythat enabled the government to confiscatefarms + collectivize them. They used the Civil War in Russia as an excuse for suppressing resistance to their policies. New Economic Policy [NEP]- in response to growing discontent with the Bolshevik party and policies, Leninmade this policywhich allowed peasants to make profit and sell extra grain—a mild form of capitalism. Third International (Comintern)- the Soviet communists made this European socialist movement. Any Socialist party who wanted to join the Comintern had to adopt 21 policies: accept Marx leadership,adopt Communist name, etc. Stalin- after Lenin died, Stalin and Trotskyfought for control of the Soviet Union. Stalinopposed Trotsky’s policies and wanted to continuethe NEP and industrialization. Said Socialism could be achieved in Russia alone. STALIN Eventually got leadership of USSR.Gosplan- a Soviet planning commission for rapid industrialization. A series of 5-yrplansthat set goals for production in every economic area- Collectivization, butalso removed enemies, including kulaks. collectivization- the replacement of private peasant farms with huge state-runand state-owned farms called collectives.