It contributes to a limited understanding of 'sex' (penile-vaginal intercourse) as the cultural sexual ideal
It frames other forms of sexual activity that do not lead to penile-vaginal intercourse as not the 'real' thing,
and therefore constructs what should and should not be done during 'normal sex'
When female sexual desire was viewed as a medical disorder (resulting from masturbation, heavy petting &
sex outside of marriage), medical treatments included:
cutting, burning, or damage to the clitoris via application of caustic agents
purges, leeches, baths, douches, diets, sedatives
gynecological surgery (including the removal of the clitoris or uterus (a hysterectomy)
The New View Campaign, as Hartley argues (2006), as well as films such as "Orgasm, Inc.," are example of
the growing ______________ that seeks to challenge harmful corporate practices, such as the
medicalization of women's sexuality.
Wrong: Pharmaceutical industry
refers to the division between radical (anti-pornography) and sex-radical (sex-positive) feminists which
occurred within the women's liberation movement.
Feminist sex wars
Hilary Howard's 2011 New York Times article "Vibrators Carry the Conversation" argues that:
Vibrators are becoming increasingly acceptable for women to talk openly about and to purchase
Although the medicalization of female sexuality has been criticized by some scholars, we must also
recognize the positive benefits of this process. These benefits might include:
it might make it easier for people to talk more openly about sex and seek information or advice
it may enhance one's ability to experience sexual pleasure
it may confer legitimacy on a particular set of sexual difficulties