Themes 1750 worlds entangled 1780 cultures of

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Themes Chapter 13 (1660-1750) Worlds Entangled Chapter 14 (1500-1780) Cultures of Splendor and Power Chapter 15 (1750-1850) Reordering the World Agents of Change Natal Alienation? Financial Problems w/ Trade - Joint-Stock Companies - South Sea Bubble - Tobacco - Cotton - Silks - SUGAR - transformed european economy- Slave Trade - Wars in Colonies Global Commerce - Writing as a technology - Enlightenment - New Universal Truths? - old v. new SCIENCE FREEDOM - Revolution - Liberty ad pursuit of individual freedom and identity - Decolonization - Challenges to Elite classes - Emergence of the Nation-State - free markets, labor - emergence of citizenship Upward Mobility and Trade - Global Commerce: gave way to social unrest in Ottoman, fall of Safavid, Rise of Qing, civil war in Europe, tension in Mughal - Mercantilism: system that saw the World’s wealth as fixed - so one’s country’s wealth was at expense of another country - colonies seen as machines to fix european wealth - European states grew very rich - caused war between each other - Hobbes: wealth is power, powers wealth - economy and politics as independent - use of chartered companies such as English Virginia Company and Dutch East India Company - monopolies over trading areas - Plantation: slave trade flourished - resistance - English took Jamaica - French seized Haiti - created wealthiest society of all time - sugar and coffee - Slave trade: use of firearms to capture slaves, slave ports along african coast - Slavery had gender imbalance - local political leaders in Africa profited on slave trade - conflicts in Kongo filed by european trade - Asante State rose n 1701 - enhanced warrior class - fall of west africa World trade unified but demonstrate told world unification as well - Science, mathematics, literacy, universal ideas Commercialization of the globe - trade everywhere European Cultural Superiority Syncretism of old and new traditions Popular Sovereignty - political power depends on the people, idea of the nation - a people who shared common language, culture, and history - Rise of the Nation-State - over course of 19th century - emphasis on Nationalism - revolutionary political change - Economic Development- Laissez-faire - free trade - no more tariffs, quotas, fees, free labor, unregulated, paid labor rather than slave labor - Rise of Newspaper - books - liberty, equality was on everyone’s mind R eformation of the atlantic world - Increasing public literacy - Abolition of torture, accountability of Rulers - Revolution Rise and Fall of Elites Spain and Portugal v. England and France British v. France - 7 years war Natives v. All Rise of new identities in America, Rise of New elite Science class - Rise of Peasant Knowledge and Autonomy - Fall of monarchy and Religious power Culture and Tension and Faith Syncretism v. Purity Technology French and British: exploited natural resources - farms and fur trade - wheat, rye, oats, tobacco - England was most violent French and Dutch had dependence on natives - Dutch fell behind - England had New York (1664) - French had Canada, lakes, Mississippi French needed indian cooperation - gifted them, gave them guns in trade for fur - alcohol?

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