When considering recommendations to reduce the

This preview shows page 7 - 10 out of 12 pages.

When considering recommendations to reduce the prevalence HIV and considering what can make an impact on reducing high risk behavior which in this case, is practicing unprotected sex, I recommend a community-based approach. There are certain circumstances that may lead to
PHE 340 FINAL PROJECT8high risk behavior such as people who are part of historically excluded or marginalized communities, including sexual minorities and ethnic or religious minorities (Edberg, 2013). Therefore, this type of community-based health information approach may empower people within the community to make better healthcare decisions such as performing safe sex to reduce the spread of sexually transmitted diseases. Also, having quality and quantity of health information available on the internet, is helping shift medicine toward patient-centered care and it is fostering better communication between health care providers and patients (Dancy & Dutcher, 2007).The state agency that I would use for my community outreach is the World Health Organization (WHO) because their publications and other resources ensure that health information reaches the people who need it, in the languages they can understand which makes access to health information more equitable and effective (WHO, 2018). This organization would be effective to help in the community outreach because they address social determinants, promote inter-sectoral approaches for health and prioritize health in all policies and healthy settings (WHO, 2018). The focus of the community outreach is to promote safe sex and to evaluate the social determinants that lead to this risk-behavior. According to this article, health disparities exist among lesbian, gay, bisexual and heterosexuals that can be explained by differential access to healthcare, unique experiences with discrimination, and higher prevalence of HIV/AIDS (Fingerhut & Abdou, 2017). Therefore, to reduce this disparity among these sexual minority groups, there needs to be more community outreach programs to offer resources such as providing help for those without health insurance toget access to healthcare services. As part of the intervention, the theoretical approach to influencea change in behavior that seems appropriate is TBP (Theory of Planned Behavior) because it
PHE 340 FINAL PROJECT9describes that decisions about risk behavior/ healthy behavior are a result of attitudes toward a behavior itself, subjective to norms that a person associates with the behavior whether it’s good or bad, and perceptions concerning the degree of control over the particular behavior (Edberg, 2013). Therefore, education about safe sex practices is desperately needed to change the perceptions about the risks involved of having unprotected sex to reduce the prevalence of this risk-related behavior and reduce the transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture