head tilted forward apply direct pressure by squeezing the entire soft portion of the nosefor 5-15 minutes. Allergic reactionsInflammation of the nasal mucosa in response to allergenEpisodic- sporadic exposure to allergens not typically encountered in normalenvironment like animalsIntermittent- symptoms are present less than 4 days a week or less than 4 weeks per yearPersistent- present more than 4 days a week or for more than 4 weeks per year CM- sneezing, itchy eyes, watery eyes, altered smell and watery discharge, mucusproduction, nasal congestions, nasal turbinate appear pale, boggy, and swollenNurse- avoid triggers, diary, nasal corticosteroids, InfluenzaHighly contagious respiratory illness begins in September and goes through April everyyear. There’s A, B, and C. A and B cause illness. A is most common, there’s more than100 types of influenza. CM- chills, cough, sore throat, fatigue, headache. Symptoms usually go away in 7 days. SinusitisWhen inflammation or hypertrophy of the mucosa blocks the openings in the sinus.They usually resolve in 14 days.CM- pain over affected sinus, purulent nasal drainage, nasal obstructions, congestion, fever, malaise. The nurse will inspect and will find edematous mucosa, discolored purulent nasal drainage, enlarged turbinates, tenderness over the involved area, headachesNurse- symptom relief, decongestants, corticosteroids, analgesics, saline spray Nasal polyps Soft painless benign growth that form slowly in response to repeated inflammation of the sinus Acute pharyngitis Acute inflammation of the pharyngeal wall caused by viral, bacterial or fungal infection
CM- sore throat, pain that’s bad with swallowing, red and edematous pharynx, fever, anterior cervical lymph node enlargement, tonsillar or pharyngeal exudate and absence ofa cough Nurse- infection control, symptom relief, prevention of secondary complications. Patient should gargle with warm salt water, drink warm or cold liquids, popsicles, hard candies, lozenges, cold bland liquids and gelatin.