Definition activity 3 definition t he renaissance

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Definition Activity 3 Definition T he Renaissance, “rebirth” in French, was a cultural movement in the 14th-17th centuries during which European artists, scientists, and scholars, were inspired by Classical achievements of the Greeks and Romans , which they became aware of through ruins and Greco-Roman texts preserved by Islamic scholars in the Ottoman Empire. Directions: Examine the map and information below, then answer the questions on the following page. Tracing the Ideas that Led to the Renaissance: Centers of Learning and Innovation in the Mediterranean World UNIT 7 | Transformation of Western Europe and Russia | SQ 3: What were the Renaissance?
Map is courtesy of Wikimedia Commons and is public domain. 4. List the golden ages in the graphic above in chronological order. 1. Athens Golden Age of Pericles 2. Rome Pax Romana 3. Constantinople Byzantine Empire 4. Baghdad Abbasid Caliphate 5. Italian City States 6. Ottoman Empire UNIT 7 | Transformation of Western Europe and Russia | SQ 3: What were the Renaissance? Source: Adapted from - World6.svg Rome Pax Romana (27 BCE-180 CE) During a period of few wars and strong emperors, Roman scholars, artists, architects, engineers, writers, and philosophers studied Greek texts and translated them into Latin and learned from Greek structures to create their own art, literary, and scientific achievements. Athens Golden Age of Pericles (480 BCE- 404 BCE) During a brief era of peace because of their strong military and strong leadership from Pericles, the Athenian government funded building projects like the Acropolis and literature, sculpture, and philosophy flourished. Constantinople Byzantine Empire (323 CE- 1453 CE) Ottoman Empire (1453 CE- 1923 CE) After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, Constantinople became the center of learning in the Christian world. Byzantine scholars preserved Greek and Roman texts. In addition, they built on the architectural achievements of Rome, building structures like Hagia Sophia and the Hippodrome. Baghdad Abbasid Caliphate (750 CE- 1258 CE) In the 800s, the Abbasid caliph in Baghdad started collecting Greek and Roman texts to build a great center of learning called the House of Wisdom . He sent scholars to Constantinople to obtain copies of ancient writings on literature, poetry, math, science, and art. The manuscripts were then translated into Arabic. Located in the Middle East, Baghdad also received knowledge from the Chinese and Indians from the east through trade. Islamic scientists made advances in medicine and astronomy . Venice, Florence, and Milan Italian City States Renaissance (1300s-1600s) Birthplace of the Renaissance.
5. Which civilization’s ideas were the foundation for collective learning in the Mediterranean world?
6. Identify two examples of innovation described in the chart.

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