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Ch 71 infectious diseases study online at

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Ch 71: Infectious DiseasesStudy online at C) The vaccine is similar to an an-tibiotic that is used to treat an in-fection.D) The vaccine actively attacks themicroorganism.28.A 2-year-old is brought to the clin-ic by her mother who tells thenurse her daughter has diarrheaand the child is complaining ofpain in her stomach. The mothersays that the little girl had not eat-en anything unusual, consuminghomemade chicken strips and car-rot sticks the evening prior. Whichbacterial infection would the nursesuspect this little girl of contract-ing?B) SalmonellaAnnually in the United States, Sal-monella species contaminate approx-imately 2.2 million eggs (1 in 20,000eggs) and one in eight chickens raisedas meat. Diarrhea with gastroenteritisis a common manifestation associatedwith Salmonella. Recent outbreaks ofE. coli have been associated with in-gestion of undercooked beef. Shigellaspreads through the fecal-oral route,with easy transmission from one per-son to another. People infected withGiardia lambliacontract the disease bydrinking contaminated water.
29.A public health nurse is teachinga mother about vaccinations pri-or to obtaining informed consent
for her child's vaccination. Whatshould the nurse cite as the mostcommon adverse effect of vaccina-tions?The most common adverse effects arean allergic reaction to the antigen orcarrier solution and the occurrence ofthe actual disease (often in modifiedform) when live vaccine is used. Re-actions to vaccines do not typically in-clude sensitivity to the sun, nausea andvomiting, or joint pain.

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