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In 535, Buddhism was officially adopted as the state religion by Silla, and this became the cornerstone of becoming a strong country. Royal houses accepted Buddhism because it was seen to be well suited to undergird the new governing structure centered on the authority of the throne, combinedwith the notion of the whole of the nation’s people serving the king as one, surely played a major role as a force for unity and cohesion.Aspect of Buddhism as a doctrine for the protection of the state was a powerful attraction. * Ichadon’s martyr (Park Yum Chok) – because of the strong opposition from conservativeparty to the new religion, King Pophung and Ichadon thought they needed a super surprise event to bring Buddhism in. So, they decided that Ichadon would construct a temple without Royal family’s permission. And Ichadon was executed for doing it, (when his head was cut off, his head landed off at 금강산 around 경주, and in his neck, the blood was milk/ and there was a great earthquake (Ichadon was about 22 or 26)* Pophung – Buddhism became a national religion in 527 (after Ichadon’s execution), he and his wife (king and queen) devoted their lives to BuddhismKyongju – Capital city of Silla Kingdom (even still being called)Five sects – Buddhism spread around to 5 sectors Nine mountains – Buddhism spread to 9 mountains which later caused an issueSala tree - Wonhyo – contributed remarkably to the improvements of Buddhism, religious reformer, revolutionized Buddhism , harmonizing al kind of secs (created One-mind)Mahayana B – When Buddhism arose in India first, there were only two kinds, Mahayana and Hinayana. Mahayana focused on “universal salvation - everyone can be saved” – hasless vehicleHinayana B – emphasized on “just few fortunate people who can be saved – has greater vehicleOne Mind – In Buddhist way of thinking, doesn’t matter if it’s a global problem or personal problem, if someone comes to a state of “one mind” – there is no fight, no war, or whatsoever*Non-discrimination : in one mind – no war, no discrimination, no fight *Mu-A 무아 (no thoughts, status of Buddha) - Absence of ego - Pure-self Nature- spiritual state of perfect selfnessTheory of harmonization - Ecumenical movements – tried to put everything together (ecumenical movement – all the different religions working together)-Original Buddhism (India)-Sectarian B (China)-Unified B (Korea)
John Dewey – philosopher in the states (theory of peace) – probably met and studied “onemind theory from Wonhyo”* Non-sectarianism (- If we do not claim such as our religion is better than yours, we are going to build our society peaceful.) * Non-discrimination (If we do not discriminate the differences, we will be all peaceful andsafe)Buddhism talks about this : Confusion was created by Confucius Birth생Old노Sickness병Death사Buddhas = Enlightened One불 Pul불타Plta여래YoraeBuddhism 불교 – created by Siddhartha Sakamony