to correct and improve all deficits of ASD through intervention and therapy by

To correct and improve all deficits of asd through

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to correct and improve all deficits of ASD through intervention and therapy by utilizing an Individualized Service Plan (ISP). The ISP contains individualized goals, treatment plan, deficits, methods of measurement and sub- goals in each functional area and lists examples of intervention for each goal (Handleman & Harris, 2005). ABA was discovered by Ole Ivar 3
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ABA THERAPY AND CHILDREN WITH AUTISM Lovaas in 1987. ABA is successful because it incorporates Discrete Trial Training (DTT) into the in-home environment and it teaches parents intervention techniques to improve the quality of life in Autistic Children (Lovaas, 1987). As I gain experience and knowledge in working with autistic children, I notice communication is a common challenge. This is where I began my journey to find out my research question. Does ABA therapy really improve communication in children diagnosed with ASD? Evaluation of Sources My first article is by Frost and Bondy. They are establishing that B. F. Skinner’s research in 1957 is still valid. It refers to the power of verbal behavior and the factors that influence communication. When beginning accepting a child into the ABA program, it is critical to establish how the child communicates. Once this is identified, it is important to establish a baseline in order monitor progress. This is how the BT determines what the child can and cannot do and is necessary in order to move on to the acquisition of a goal. This source talks about B.F. Skinner. He is known as the founder of operant conditioning and behaviorism. Skinner’s definition of verbal behavior and his classification of verbal operant provide interventionists with a valuable tool for classifying verbal behavior based on controlling variables (Frost and Bondy, 2009). Skinner referred to some contact with the stimulating environment as the evoking stimulus. This operant is commonly referred to as a comment or a label. Children with ASD first learn to mand, or request, then tact for their contact from stimuli. Skinner refers to verbal behavior as “…behavior reinforced through the mediation of other people.” This article is a relevant source due to its material about verbal behavior and children with ASD and their 4
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ABA THERAPY AND CHILDREN WITH AUTISM communication methods. Skinner believes that communication is learned and shaped by the environment and stimulus that they are exposed to daily (Frost & Bondy, 2009). My second article explains the nature and needs of children with Autism. It describes the importance of diagnosing the disorder as early as possible and lists the methods of treatment through adulthood. This article explains the early signs of autism and describes which goals or interventions are necessary in order to provide the best results. The article refers to the conditions of children with ASD and emphasizes that there is no cure for this diagnosis. (Handleman & Harris, 2005). The Douglas Developmental Disabilities Center (DDDC) uses science-based principles of ABA to organize the delivery of comprehensive services that are designed to meet the needs of individuals throughout their lives. According to the American Psychiatric Association (2013) “autism, autistic, and ASD are used to refer to people whom have Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD).” It lists the areas of deficits, clinical characteristics, and criteria for diagnosing Autism. This manual helps define the criteria of what Autism is.
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