DSST Anthropology as a Discipline 2

Question 4 of 24 the selective breeding of animals

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Question 4 of 24 The selective breeding of animals and plants by humans is called artificial selection . Your Answer: Explanation In agriculture, superior strains of soybeans, wheat, and corn have resulted from careful breeding. Animal breeders often are able to change the characteristics of domestic animals by selecting for breeding individuals with the most desirable traits, obedience in dogs, speed or strength in horses, milk production in dairy cows etc. Question 5 of 24 Agriculture is essentially hypertrophic horticulture among large populations. Your Answer: Explanation Hypertrophic means abnormally large. A shift of population from food production to specialization leads to Industrialism or mechanization/mass production. Question 6 of 24
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Food gathering based primarily on raising domesticated animals is called pastoralism. Your Answer: Explanation A small number of societies depend principally on domesticated herds of animals for their livelihood. Typically pastoralists subsist by taking protein from live animals in the form of milk and trading animal products with other groups for agricultural products and other necessities. Pastoralists may trade meat, hides, wool, dairy products, etc. Question 7 of 24 Formal economics is the economics of Western culture, markets, and scarcity hypothesis/law of supply and demand. Your Answer: Explanation It is characterized by maximization of personal gain, supply-demand relationships, "rational" decision- making, and individual self interest. Question 8 of 24 Substantive economics is the economics of most anthropologists. It refers to interaction of humans to environment and methods of want satisfaction. Your Answer: Explanation This is a more holistic approach and easier to apply to nonwestern groups. Question 9 of 24 According to formalism , economy can be analyzed independent of other social structures and institutions. Your Answer: Explanation It is the approach of the economic man who economizes on resources and maximizes return; emphasis on individual actors exercising choice. Question 10 of 24 Substantivism is the school of thought that maintains that economy is embedded within other social institutions and cannot be studied separately from social structures, like kinship, politics and religion. Your Answer: Explanation This is more historical and institution-minded; and a denial that industrial capitalist theory is applicable to others; it maintains also that formalist approaches are only applicable to modern capitalist society.
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Question 11 of 24 Foragers have only a loose sense of land ownership because band membership is fluid. Whereas, industrial societies have a strong sense of ownership of land. Your Answer:
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Question 4 of 24 The selective breeding of animals and...

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