Sustainable development 1 introduction this chapter

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Sustainable development 1 Introduction This chapter gives a brief idea about the standards and certi fi cates that are appli- cable to the textile industry. Standardization is the process by which rules and regulations are developed and applied for a particular activity, in a consistent and reliable manner; it is achieved by the cooperation of all stakeholders and for their bene fi t. Standardization comprises of a chain or cycle of procedures implemented by individuals who work as a group to achieve the committed objective. All these standards guide and lead the industry towards environmental sustainability. Standards help to save cost, time, and energy. They also serve as reliable bench- mark by which performance can be compared or judged. International Organization for Standardization (ISO) de fi nes standard as a document that provides require- ments, speci fi cations, guidelines, or characteristics that can be used consistently to ensure that materials, products, processes, and services are fi t for their purpose . Kanti Jasani, president of Performance and Technical Textile Consulting, insists the industry to assume implementation of sustainable practices as yet another quality programme. According to him, sustainable textile products should inevi- tably be quality products. He also states that quality programmes such as Lean and Six Sigma help the implementers to cut down unnecessary steps in production process and add that these concepts are essential for sustainability. This chapter focuses on the standards and certi fi cates for sustainable develop- ment in the textile industry and across the textile supply chain. The primary motive of these standards is to standardize the procedures and practices followed by the industry, in order to achieve sustainability. The requirements are clearly de fi ned in the standard, and implementation is checked through audits and certi fi ed upon compliance. 2 Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS) GOTS is a standard for processing organic fi bres through the entire supply chain, beginning from the harvesting of the raw material ( fi bre) up to the fi nished ( fi nal) product being sold to the consumer. It is followed by many manufacturers around the world, and hence, the products with GOTS certi fi cation are accepted widely in the international market. GOTS certi fi cation requires social compliance in addition to the environmental compliance. The dyestuffs, chemicals, and reagents used for dyeing and fi nishing should meet both environmental and toxicological criteria. It is mandatory for wet processing units to have ef fl uent (wastewater) treatment plant (Fig. 1 ). 80 K. Amutha
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Brief History of GOTS May 2005 : First version of GOTS was published, Oct 2006 : Commencement of GOTS certi fi cation system, June 2008 : Second version (2.0) and label of GOTS were introduced, March 2011 : Third version (3.0) was published, and March 2014 : Fourth version (4.0) was published.
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