Judaism as the israelites were forced to break their

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Judaism, as the Israelites were forced to break their connection between Solomon’s temple and the worship of God- they now learned to worship God wherever they were and adjust their religious practices accordingly, an important quality that allowed Judaism to survive successfully until today. ASSYRIA Tiglath-pileser I Tiglath-pileser I was a great Assyrian conqueror. He reigned 1114-1076 BC and conquered 42 western lands in five years, among other accomplishments. Notably, he presents himself as the epitome of an Assyrian ruler – doing the first duty of an Assyrian king, to expand the empire – evident in his statement, “To Assyria I added land, and to its people I added people”. He also displayed great personal strength and bravery, and provides stability and order within his kingdom – significant because these are standard attributes Assyrian royal ideology in the period of the Assyrian Empire. Tiglath-pileser III Tiglath-pileser III was the first king of the great Expansion Period of Assyria, from 744-630 BC. He reigned 744-727 BC and opened the period of expansion by multiple, major invasions in several directions: Ur-Artu to the North; Babylonia to the South; and Syria to the West. By his death, the Assyrian Empire and its client states stretch South to the Persian Gulf and West to the Mediterranean, including both Israel & Judah, ushering in the Expansion Period that was the high point of the Assyrian Empire. Sargon II Sargon II reigned as the King of Assyria from 721-705 and was a son of Tiglath-pileser I. He establishes a royal dynasty that rules Assyria until the fall of the empire. During his reign, Assyria experiences constant fighting, both internally and externally; Babylonia, recently reconquered, now revolts ~720 BC and has to be reduced by force- takes at least 10 years; but Sargon is successful, and brings Babylonia back into the empire around 710-707 BC. Sargon is a significant ruler, as in the face of these constant fighting threats (especially by Babylon), he is able to successfully hold his empire together. By his death, Assyria controls a string of Western provinces which run from Central Turkey (in the North) to Judah & Philistia (in the South); these Assyrian provinces are protected in turn by string of client kingdoms. Another significant fact is that Sargon establishes diplomatic relations with King Midas of Frigia. Ashurbanipal The last great Assyrian king was Ashurbanipal, who reigned 668-630 BC. He was significantly rememberd for conquering Egypt and creating a great royal library. He captured the Egyptian capital Thebes, driving the Pharaoh (member of 25 th Dynasty) out of the country. While Assyrian control over Egypt doesn’t last long- Egyptian control was reestablished by the 26 th Dynasty- after this, Egypt and Assyria usually remained on close and friendly terms. His great library included many ancient Babylonian texts that were translated by scholars.

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